February 6, 2012

Vol. 27 , No. 08   

Islamophobia, Discrimination, and National Security

In the past two months, a presidential candidate called for the profiling of Muslims, a Tennessee lawmaker told Muslims to "go back to where they came from," and a large home improvement store pulled ads from a television show ostensibly because it didn't portray Muslims in a negative light. How do these acts influence cases of discrimination? What have they to do with our nation’s national security policies?

Ameena Qazi is an attorney practicing civil rights law in Southern California. She holds a B.A. in Political Science from UCLA and a J.D. from Wayne State University School of Law, and is a member of the California State Bar.

Qazi has worked with the Wayne State University Civil Rights Litigation and Disability Rights Clinics, United Auto Workers, and the Council on American-Islamic Relations. She has been involved with research projects including the Pew Research Center's study "Muslim Americans: Middle Class and Mostly Mainstream." Her work focuses on First Amendment, equal protection, and due process issues.

Ameena Qazi’s Athenaeum presentation is jointly sponsored by the Claremont Colleges Muslim Student Association, the Center for Human Rights Leadership at CMC, and the Athenaeum.

When Good Eggs Go Bad--Because Sometimes Even Chromosomes Aren’t Perfect

Life in all higher animals, including humans, begins with the egg. Formation of this highly specialized cell involves many processes that are fundamental for development into adulthood. In one particular process, meiosis, the chromosomes are partitioned so that the egg receives precisely one chromosome from each of the 23 pairs. Hundreds of genes are known to play vital roles in this process, and understanding how they function together with the chromosomes has profound relevance to conditions such as birth defects and cancer.

R. Scott Hawley, American Cancer Society Research Professor at the Stowers Institute, will present some of his most important findings from work in model organisms on what he calls the ‘meiotic dance,’ an orchestration of chromosome interactions among themselves and with the meiotic gene products that govern how they behave in the egg, and what we can learn when these meiotic genes fail to function.

Dr. Hawley is a world-renowned expert in chromosome biology and meiosis, and is regarded as one of the premier speakers and teachers in the biological sciences. He received a B.S. from the University of California at Riverside, and his Ph.D. from the University of Washington where he trained with the pioneer geneticist, Prof. Larry Sandler. He was a Helen Hay Whitney postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Cancer Research in Philadelphia. He held faculty positions at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine and the University of California at Davis before moving to the Stowers Institute for Medical Research in 2001. Additionally, Dr. Hawley has served as the president of the Genetics Society of America and has won several national awards for excellence in teaching. In 2011 Dr. Hawley was inducted into the National Academy of Sciences.

Never Again, Yet Again: Listening to the Voices of Genocide

Dr. Stephen D. Smith is Executive Director of the USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education. Stephen founded the UK Holocaust Centre in Nottinghamshire, England and cofounded the Aegis Trust for the prevention of crimes against humanity and genocide. He was also the inaugural Chairman of the Holocaust Memorial Day Trust, which runs the National Holocaust Memorial Day in the United Kingdom. In 2009, Holocaust Memorial Day included over five hundred public memorial events. His Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Center for Human Rights Leadership at CMC.

Stephen is involved in memorial projects around the world. He was the project director responsible for the creation of the Kigali Memorial Centre in Rwanda and provided consultation for the Cape Town Holocaust Centre, where he still serves as a trustee.

Smith is a theologian by training with a particular interest in the impact of the Holocaust on religious and philosophical thought and practice. He wrote his dissertation on the “Trajectory of Memory,” examining how Holocaust survivor narrative — and in particular, visual history — has developed over time and shapes the way in which the implications of the Holocaust are understood.

Stephen is an international speaker, lecturing widely on issues relating to the history and collective response to the Holocaust, genocide, and crimes against humanity. His publications include Making Memory: Creating Britain’s First Holocaust Centre (2002); Forgotten Places: The Holocaust and the Remnants of Destruction (2001); and The Holocaust and the Christian World (2000). He has taught extensively in Lithuania and has been a member of the International Task Force for Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance and Research since its inception in 1998.

In recognition of his work, Stephen has become a Member of the Order of the British Empire and received the Interfaith Gold Medallion, the Andrew Cross Award for religious broadcasting, and Honorary Doctorate of Law from Leicester University.

Stephen Smith is committed to making the testimony of survivors of the Holocaust and of other crimes against humanity a compell

Reading Reservations: Writing (and Living) Rez Life

Celebrated novelist David Treuer has gained a reputation for writing that expands the horizons of Native American literature and life. From op-eds in The New York Times to travel pieces at Slate.com, from book reviews for the Washington Post to his own fiction and essays, Treuer has, for the last 20 years, asked readers to forget what they think they know about Indians and Indian lives, and to see things differently. Now in Rez Life, his first full-length work of nonfiction, Treuer brings a novelist’s storytelling skill and an eye for detail to a complex and subtle examination of Native American reservation life, past and present.

With authoritative research and reportage, Treuer illuminates misunderstood contemporary issues of sovereignty, treaty rights, and natural-resource conservation. He traces the convoluted waves of public policy that have deracinated, disenfranchised, and exploited Native Americans, exposing the tension and conflict that has marked the historical relationship between the United States government and the Native American population. Through the eyes of students, teachers, government administrators, lawyers, and tribal court judges, he shows how casinos, tribal government, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs have transformed the landscape of Native American life.

In his Athenaeum talk, Treuer will speak about the seven year struggle to write Rez Life: An Indian's Journey Through Reservation Life (2012); the first major work of nonfiction by an American Indian author about reservations and their place in the larger fabric of America. Not content to do what’s been done before, Treuer takes his own experience and his own research and tries to use it move beyond the “tragic script”: beyond the ways in which Native American lives have often been understood as, by definition, tragic and Indians themselves, as victims.

A member of the Ojibwe of northern Minnesota, Treuer grew up on the Leech Lake Reservation, but was educated in mainstream America. Treuer traverses the boundaries of American and Indian identity as he explores crime and poverty, casinos and wealth, and the preservation of his native language and culture. Rez Life is a strikingly original work of history and reportage, a must read for anyone interested in the Native American story.

David Treuer is the former Mary Routt Chair of Creative Writing at Scripps College. His work has appeared in The New York T

Women & Leadership Alliance Workshop

Nobody Wants To Be a Leaderette
LUNCHEON 11:30 a.m.; LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

Your leadership potential was a significant factor in why you ended up at CMC. Having teachers and classmates help you explore what kind of leader you can be, and how you can develop that potential, is an essential part of life at CMC. But whether you think leadership is gender neutral or you think having a female perspective is helpful, the prejorative implications of being a leaderette make us all laugh. Or get angry. Or worry about how to navigate something so subtle, relative, and that we thought was a non-issue in this century?

So if you don’t want to be a Leaderette, what kind of leader do you want to be?

Join this fun lunch for a Socratic approach to thinking about your future. Jennifer Waggoner’s life in leadership after CMC will shape the conversation, ranging from: networking and mentorship, to life choices, to leading change in teams, businesses, and across cities, states, and the world.

Jennifer Waggoner currently serves as President of the League of Women Voters of California, one of the oldest and most trusted grassroots education and advocacy organizations in our state. She earned her B.A. from Claremont McKenna (Government '95) and her Diploma (Social Policy '98) from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland, United Kingdom. Because of her experience as a Community Service Grant recipient while a junior at CMC, she became interested in pursuing social good across sectors (not being limited by ideas of "non-profit" or "for-profit"). She started her first business soon after graduating from CMC: a multi-media arts production company focusing on grassroots all-ages activism in Seattle. She has led her own consulting business for the past 5 years providing operations, communications, and finance support to a wide variety of nonprofits and socially-motivated small businesses. In November, she was recognized as a "Forward Thinker" by California Forward.

At the Tipping Point: The Future of Philanthropy
LUNCHEON 11:30 a.m.; LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

Daniel Lurie is the CEO and Founder of the Tipping Point Community. Named after Malcolm Gladwell’s notion that a few passionate people with vision can spark a major change, the Tipping Point Community works to find the most-effective means of reducing poverty by extending grants to nonprofits in the Bay Area and providing management assistance to ensure grantees succeed. This management assistance takes the form of everything from legal expertise to communications training to strategic planning in order to maximize the impact of charitable investments. Remarkably, each year the board underwrites all of its own operating and fundraising costs so that of every dollar of donation goes directly to a poverty-fighting organization. Since 2005, Tipping Point Community has raised more than $38 million to educate, employ, house and support nearly 150,000 people in the Bay Area.

Lurie earned his B.A. in Political Science from Duke University and received his Masters in Public Policy from the Goldman School at U.C. Berkeley. Lurie also serves on the Board of Directors of Single Stop USA, Mimi and Peter Haas Fund, and the Levi Straus Foundation.

Daniel Lurie’s Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Center for Civic Engagement at Claremont McKenna College.

The Federal Reserve’s Mandate and Best Practice Monetary Policy

John C. Williams took office as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco on March 1, 2011. In this role, he also serves as a voting member in 2012 on the Federal Open Market Committee, bringing the Twelfth District's perspective to monetary policy discussions in Washington.

Dr. Williams served since 2009 as executive vice president and director of research for the San Francisco bank, which he joined in 2002 as a research advisor. Subsequently, he was named senior vice president and advisor in 2004.

He began his career as an economist in 1994, when he joined the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, following the completion of his Ph.D. in Economics at Stanford University. He became senior economist at the Board in 1998 and served on loan from 1999 to 2000 as senior economist at the White House Council of Economic Advisers. He subsequently returned to the Board, where he remained until he joined the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.

Dr. Williams’ research focuses on topics including: monetary policy under uncertainty and with imperfect information; learning; research and development; innovation; productivity, and business cycles. He has collaborated with economists from throughout the country and across the globe to examine economic and policy issues from different perspectives, and has published numerous articles in leading research journals.

Williams currently serves as the managing editor of the International Journal of Central Banking. Previously, he served as associate editor of the American Economic Review and the Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control. He has been a research associate for the Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis since 2008. Additionally, he has been a lecturer at Stanford University’s Graduate School of Business.

Prior to completing his doctorate at Stanford, he earned a Master’s of Science with distinction in economics from the London School of Economics in 1989, and an A.B. with high distinction from the University of California at Berkeley in 1984.

The Global Economy, Governance, and the G20
LUNCHEON 11:30 a.m.; LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

Dr. Il SaKong chaired, from 2009-2011, the Presidential Committee for the G20 Summit in the Office of the Korean President which consists of concerned cabinet members and senior Presidential staff, among others. He currently chairs the Korea International Trade Association.

He served in the Office of the President as Special Economic Adviser to the President from March 2008 to April 2009. He also chaired the Presidential Council on National Competitiveness from March 2008 to January 2009. The Council is considered to be the flagship of the Lee Myung-bak government.

Dr. SaKong previously served in the government of the Republic of Korea as Minister of Finance (1987-88), Senior Secretary to the President for Economic Affairs (1983-87), Senior Counselor to the Minister of Economic Planning Board (1982) and Senior Economist of the Council on Economic & Scientific Affairs for the President (1979-80).

He was the founder and Chairman and CEO of the Institute for Global Economics (IGE), a private non-profit research institute based in Seoul, from 1993 to early 2008.

He has received various honors and prizes, including the Korean government's Order of Civil Service Merit "Blue Stripes" (1990), the Republic of China's Order of the Brilliant Star with Grand Cordon (1987), the Kingdom of Belgium's Order of the Crown (1986), the Korean government's Order of Civil Merit “Moran Medal” (1983), Korea University's Grand Prize for Distinguished Policy Makers (2002), the Outstanding Achievement Award for 2008, AMCHAM Korea (2009), and the Korean Association of Translators & Interpreters’ Speaker of the Year (2009).

Dr. SaKong graduated from Seoul National University (1964) and received his MBA (1966) and Ph.D. (1969) from the University of California at Los Angeles.


Superintelligence: The Machine Intelligence Revolution

Nick Bostrom is Professor in the Faculty of Philosophy at Oxford University and founding Director of the Future of Humanity Institute and of the Programme on the Impacts of Future Technology within the Oxford Martin School. The Future of Humanity Institute is the leading research center looking at big-picture questions for human civilization whose goal is to clarify the choices that will shape humanity’s long-term future. Using the tools of mathematics, philosophy, and science, the center explores the risks and opportunities that will arise from technological change, weigh ethical dilemmas, and evaluate global priorities.

Professor Bostrom is the author of some 200 publications, including Anthropic Bias (Routledge, 2002), Global Catastrophic Risks (ed., OUP, 2008), and Human Enhancement (ed., OUP, 2009), and a forthcoming book on Superintelligence. He previously taught at Yale, and he was a Postdoctoral Fellow of the British Academy. Bostrom has a background in physics, computational neuroscience, and mathematical logic as well as philosophy.

He is best known for his work in five areas: (i) the concept of existential risk; (ii) the simulation argument; (iii) anthropics (developing the first mathematically explicit theory of observation selection effects); (iv) transhumanism, including related issues in bioethics and on consequences of future technologies; and (v) foundations and practical implications of consequentialism. He is currently working on a book on the possibility of an intelligence explosion and on the existential risks and strategic issues related to the prospect of machine superintelligence.

In 2009, he was awarded the Eugene R. Gannon Award (one person selected annually worldwide from the fields of philosophy, mathematics, the arts and other humanities, and the natural sciences). He has been listed in the FP 100 Global Thinkers list, the Foreign Policy Magazine's list of the world's top 100 minds. His writings have been translated into more than 20 languages, and there have been some 100 translations or reprints of his works. He has done more than 400 interviews for TV, film, radio, and print media, and he has addressed academic and popular audiences around the world.

Whither Food Security—The Food Insecure Poor: What Future Awaits Them?

Barry Riley is a visiting scholar in the Center on Food Security and the Environment at the Freeman Spogli Institute (FSI) for International Studies at Stanford University. Previously he worked for more than 20 years with The U.S. Agency for International Development, mostly in Eastern and Northeastern Africa. While serving in that region he witnessed firsthand the devastating 1973 drought in Ethiopia and, ten years later, the so-called "drought of the Century" in Kenya where he was appointed by the U.S. Ambassador to coordinate the U.S. response to that event. Subsequently, he served as Director of USAID's Office of Policy, Management and Evaluation dealing with food aid and voluntary assistance globally. He moved to the World Bank in the late 1980s, serving as a Sr. Projects Officer in the Africa Region's Food Security Unit - focused on food security analysis, policy and evaluation for countries in Southern Africa.

From 1993-2009 he was a private consultant on issues of food security, food policy and food aid and undertook more than 50 consultancies for the World Bank, several U.N. agencies and numerous non-governmental organizations and consulting firms. In recent years, he has led or participated in a number of evaluations for the World Food Program, most often in Ethiopia. These have focused on issues of more relevant and timely early warning, more programmatically useful vulnerability assessments, and improving the sustained effectiveness of food aid used in support of longer term food security objectives.

While at FSI he is undertaking to encapsulate these experiences in a book on U.S. Food Aid and its relationships with food security. He is the co-author of The Development Effectiveness of Food Aid- Does Tying Matter? (2006) for OECD/DAC and of numerous reports to WFP, the World Bank and the U.S. government on food aid and food security.

Barry Riley’s visit to campus is sponsored by the Center for Human Rights Leadership at CMC.

Social Democracy and the Creation of Modern Europe

During the 19th and first half of the 20th century Europe was the most turbulent region on earth, convulsed by war, economic crises and social and political conflict. Yet during the second half of the 20th century it was among the most stable, a study in democracy, social harmony and prosperity. How can we understand this remarkable transformation? The answer lies in the changes that occurred after 1945, among the most important of which was a dramatic shift in the understanding of what it would take to ensure democratic consolidation in Europe. Across the political spectrum a new understanding of democracy developed in Western Europe one that went beyond what think of today as “electoral” or even “liberal” democracy to what is best understood as “social democracy” — a regime type which entails not merely dramatic changes in political arrangements, but in social and economic ones as well. This talk will explain the background and logic of this "regime type" as well as consider its continuing relevance today.

Sheri Berman is Professor and Chair of the political science department of Barnard College. She is the author, most recently, of The Primacy of Politics: Social Democracy and the Making of Interwar Europe (2006) and has written widely on European politics, political development and the history of the left for both academic and non-academic publicatons. She is currently working on a project entitled "Democracy and Dictatorship in Europe" which investigates the development of different types of political regimes in Europe from the French revolution to the collapse of come Euro crisis and the future of social democracy in Europe.

Sheri Berman’s Athenaeum lecture is sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies.

The 2012 Annual Claremont Finance Conference

Boom and Bust: A Discussion of Investing in a Dichotomous Market
LUNCHEON 11:30 a.m.; LECTURE 12:00 p.m.

Karl Schade joined The Presidio Group in 2007 to found its private equity team and is responsible for investing in and monitoring private equity investments in a variety of entrepreneurial middle market companies. Prior to Presidio, Mr. Schade spent over a decade working at several private equity firms including Blum Capital Partners, Silver Lake Partners, and The Blackstone Group. Mr. Schade is the Executive Chairman of Hattrick Sports Group, Ltd., and serves on the Board of Directors of I.D.S. Intelligent Data Systems (Canada) Inc., and Metropolitan BancGroup, Inc.

Mr. Schade earned his MBA from Harvard Business School and graduated magna cum laude from Claremont McKenna College. He is a term member on the Council on Foreign Relations and a member of the Board of Trustees of Claremont McKenna College.

The 2012 Annual Claremont Finance Conference

Boom and Bust: A Discussion of Investing in a Dichotomous Market

Les Waite joined Lombardia Capital Partners in 2003 after serving as CEO, CIO, and founding principal of Los Angeles-based Waite & Associates, an institutional asset management company . Prior to starting Waite & Associates, Mr. Waite worked for George D. Bjurman & Associates and Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company. Mr. Waite serves as a member of the Board of Directors of Reliance Steel & Aluminum Company, one of the largest metals service center companies in the United States. He also serves on the Audit Committee and chairs the Compensation and Stock Option Committee.

Mr. Waite is a graduate of Claremont McKenna College with a B.A. Economics. He received his MBA from the University of Southern California. Mr. Waite is a CFA charterholder.


  • It is the policy of the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum that no lecture, appearance or performance by any speaker or performer at the Athenaeum is to be videotaped, audiotaped, or otherwise recorded and/or broadcast without the prior written permission of the relevant speaker, performer, or other authorized owner of the intellectual property rights to the event.

  • Anyone requesting permission to record an event is required to submit an “Event Recording Request Form” to Bonnie Snortum, the Director of the Athenaeum, at least 48 hours in advance of the relevant event.

  • It is understood that the speaker, the performer, the Athenaeum, and any other event sponsor, as appropriate, reserve all intellectual property rights for each Athenaeum event.

  • If you have any questions regarding this policy, please contact Bonnie Snortum at bsnortum@cmc.edu or at (909) 607-4180.


  • The Athenaeum serves as a gathering place where ideas, inquiry, and fellowship bring students, faculty, staff, other scholars, and nationally prominent speakers together.

  • Attendance at any event may be limited to persons associated with CMC, to the people who signed up for the dinner, or to the maximum number of people allowed by fire regulations.

  • On some occasions the speaker may address the group in another forum or the College may set up a video feed to handle an overflow crowd. All programs at the Athenaeum are filmed. Individuals attending should understand that their image might appear on the videotape.

  • House rules and common courtesy prohibit disruptive actions inside the building during an Athenaeum sponsored program.

  • Time allowing, there will be a period set aside for questions. Students will have priority during this portion of the program.

  • Guests are expected to dress appropriately in all dining rooms. Shorts, jeans, and t-shirts are not acceptable at dinner; more casual attire is acceptable for lunch and tea. No bare feet at any time.