April 3, 06
Vol. 21 , No. 08
Coercion and Consent in Nazi Germany
MONDAY, APRIL 3, 2006
As one of the world’s foremost historians concerning modern German history, Richard Evans has demonstrated a remarkable ability to introduce new interpretations to an area that has long been a focus of historical study. His latest work, The Third Reich in Power, 1933-1939 (2005), is the second of a planned three-volume study of Germany during the rise, reign, and subsequent fall of the Nazi Party. (The first volume, entitled The Coming of the Third Reich, was released in 2003) By focusing on the Nazis’ oft-overlooked domestic policies while in power before the onset of World War II, Evans adds a new dimension to our understanding of Nazi methods and ambitions; at the same time, we cannot help but be reminded of those horrors of Nazi Germany that have become etched in our common memory.
In addition to his recent scholarship regarding Nazi Germany, Evans is the author or editor of numerous books examining the social and cultural trends of modern Germany since the 19th Century. Some of these works include The Feminist Movement in Germany, 1894-1933 (1976); Rituals of Retribution: Capital Punishment in Germany 1700-1987 (1996); and Tales from the German Underworld: Crime and Punishment in the Nineteenth Century (1998). He has also edited the Journal of Contemporary History since 1998. Evans’ thorough research and prolific writing has earned him numerous awards, including the Wolfson Literary Award for History and the Fraenkel Prize in Contemporary History. He is a Fellow of the British Academy, the Royal Society of Literature and the Royal Historical Society.
This lecture by Richard Evans is sponsored by the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies at CMC.
Beyond the Questions, “Are Children Suggestible?”: Child Witness Research in the 21st Century
TUESDAY, APRIL 4, 2006
The prosecution of criminal cases often depends on eyewitness identification. But what if the eyewitness to (or victim of) the crime was a child? Because the cognitive abilities of children are not yet fully developed, it is important to understand whether the crime reports of children are accurate. Put differently, can we rely on the memories of children? A related question is whether the accounts of crimes reported by children are more likely to be influenced by suggestive questioning of child witnesses. In her Athenaeum lecture, Professor Jodi Quas will review past, current, and future directions of research on children's eyewitness capabilities. She will also highlight how this research can and should be used by the legal system to inform decisions in cases involving child victims.
Jodi Quas is assistant professor in the department of psychology and social behavior at the University of California, Irvine. After obtaining her Ph.D. in 1998 from the University of California, Davis, she spent two years as a postdoctoral fellow in the Institute of Human Development at the University of California, Berkeley. Her research has two main foci: memory development and children’s involvement in the legal system. Her work has been supported by grants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Dr. Quas has received early career awards from Divisions 9 (Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues) and 41 (American Psychology – Law Society) of the American Psychological Association for her contributions to the field of developmental psychology and the law. Her lecture is part of the Athenaeum series Psychology and Law.
Revisiting the Korea-U.S. Alliance
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 2006
Much concern has been expressed regarding the current state and future of the alliance between the Republic of Korea and the United States. We encounter such concern, not only in South Korea but also in the United States. Some are critical of South Korea for taking an excessively accommodating stance toward North Korea in the interest of maintaining good relations with it. Some point out that South Korea’s stance between the United States and China is vague. On the other hand, some are concerned that the United States, while focusing on the war on terrorism, tends to take a unilateralist and excessively hard line approach vis-à-vis North Korea. Dr. Han Sung-joo will discuss the complexities of this concern.
Dr. Han is professor emeritus of International Relations, Korea University and President of Seoul Forum for International Affairs. He was the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1993–94), U.N. Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Cyprus (1996–97), a member of the U.N. Inquiry Commission on the 1994 Rwanda Genocide (1999), Chairman of the East Asia Vision Group (2000–2001), and Ambassador of the Republic of Korea to the United States (2003–2005).
Professor Han is a graduate of Seoul National University (1962) and received a Ph.D. in political science from the University of California, Berkeley (1970). Previously, he taught at the City University of New York (1970–78) and was a visiting professor at Columbia University (1986–87) and Stanford University (1992, 1995).
His English publications include Korean Diplomacy in an Era of Globalization (1995), Korea in a Changing World (1995), and Changing Values in Asia (1999).
The Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies is pleased to host Dr. Han Sung-joo's visit to CMC as a Freeman Foundation Visiting Professor in Asian Affairs.
Children At War
THURSDAY, APRIL 6, 2006
From U.S. soldiers having to fight children in Afghanistan and Iraq, to juvenile terrorists in Sri Lanka and Palestine, the new younger face of battle is a terrible reality of 21st century warfare. Indeed, the very first American soldier killed by hostile fire in the "War on Terrorism" was shot by a fourteen-year-old Afghan boy.
An internationally recognized expert in modern warfare, Peter W. Singer examines this disturbing and escalating phenomenon: the use of children as soldiers around the globe. Introducing the brutal reality of conflict, where children are sent off to fight in war-torn hotspots from Colombia and the Sudan to Kashmir and Sierra Leone, he explores the evolution of this phenomenon - how and why children are recruited, indoctrinated, trained, and converted to soldiers. What emerges is not only a compelling clarification of the darker reality of modern warfare, but also a clear and urgent call for action.
Singer is a senior fellow and director of the Project on U.S. Policy Towards the Islamic World at the Brookings Institute in Washington D.C. He received his B.A. from Princeton University in 1997 and his Ph.D. from Harvard University. Singer has also served as Doctoral Fellow, Harvard University, Action Officer, Balkans Task Force, Office of the Secretary of Defense, and Special Assistant, International Peace Academy.
His talk is sponsored by the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide and Human Rights.
A New Direction for the Parties?
FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 2006
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., LECTURE 12:15 p.m.
As Congressman from the Third District of Indiana from 1991-2003, Tim Roemer was recognized for his successful leadership on balancing the federal budget, reforming public schools, and improving the affordability of higher education.
After the attacks of September 11th, Roemer used his position on the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence to support the work of a Joint Congressional Inquiry into the nature of the attacks. Roemer also was the key sponsor of legislation to establish the “9/11 Commission."
Since leaving Congress in 2003, Roemer has continued to work on national security policy as President of the Center for National Policy. He has promoted new ideas on national security issues in the pages of The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, USA Today, Time, and U.S. News and World Report. He is also spearheading a bipartisan project to bridge the ideological gap on abortion.
In early 2005 Roemer ran a brief campaign for chairmanship of the Democratic National Committee. He is widely considered a leading light among young, moderate Democrats.
He will examine the potential for shifting approaches on policy and politics by the major parties, particularly focusing on change within the Democratic Party. His talk is part of an all-day Salvatori Center conference on the future of the American parties.
Roemer is a Distinguished Scholar at the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. He received his M.A. and Ph.D. in American Government from the University of Notre Dame and his B.A. from the University of California, San Diego.
Whither Japan? The Future of U.S.-Japan Relations
G. CAMERON HURST III
MONDAY, APRIL 10, 2006
LUNCH 11:45 a.m.; LECTURE 12:15 p.m.
Although the Japanese Constitution clearly states that "land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained," Japan this year has the world's fifth largest military budget, has war ships in the Indian Ocean, and has dispatched troops to Iraq. The anomaly of Japan's "Self Defense Forces" has led to a movement within the Liberal Democratic Party to rewrite the Constitution to make Japan a "normal" country.
The situation is the result of American policies conceived during the war in the Pacific against the Japanese and implemented during the Allied Occupation of Japan from 1945–1952. Despite the tremendous changes over the past half-century, the Constitution has never been revised. But U.S.-Japanese relations have changed considerably. Can the features of the so-called MacArthur Constitution and the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty, last revised in 1960, and designed for a very different era, persist into the future? Professor Hurst will examine the history and development of U.S.-Japan relations, especially focusing on the post-Cold War era.
G. Cameron Hurst III is professor of Japanese and Korean Studies, director of the Center for East Asian Studies, and chair of the department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at the University of Pennsylvania. He previously was professor of history and East Asian Studies at the University of Kansas, whose faculty he joined in 1969. He served from 1976 to 1995 as Co-Director and then Director of that university's Center for East Asian Studies. He has been at Penn since 1995. After completing his B.A. at Stanford in 1963, Hurst received his M.A. from the University of Hawaii in 1966 and his Ph.D. from Columbia in 1972. He teaches primarily in pre-modern Japanese history, but in Korean studies as well.
Hurst's publications include: Insei: Abdicated Sovereigns in the Politics of Late Heian Japan, 1086-1185 (1960), Medieval Japan: Essays in Institutional History (1974), and The Armed Martial Arts of Japan: Swordsmanship and Archery (1998). Cameron Hurst's lecture is sponsored by The Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies.
Under the Lights Theater company presents
California Suite by Neil Simon
JOHN VAN WYCK '06, director
BRAD WALTERS '08, assistant director
WEDNESDAY-FRIDAY, APRIL 12, 13, 14, 2006 (6:00 p.m.)
If these hotel walls could talk . . . . .
Set in the prestigious Beverly Hills Hotel, California Suite (1978) chronicles the separate visits of five different couples. A happily divorced couple reuniting after 13 years, a man trying to keep his wife out of the bedroom, an Academy Award nominee with her husband in tow, and a pair of young couples whose friendship is quickly growing old form the cast of this four-part comedy about estrangement, loss, disappointment, and surprise.
A connoisseur of the mundane, Neil Simon has always been fascinated with the extraordinary nature exhibited by ordinary people. His characters are easily relatable while maddeningly flawed, perfectly human in their comical imperfection.
Simon’s unique talents have made him undoubtedly the world’s most successful playwright with over two dozen plays to his name, nearly as many film adaptations, and numerous awards, which include three Tony Awards and a Pulitzer Prize.
The Under the Lights theater company production of California Suite stars Ryan Cassella ’06, Amanda Sardis ’09, Annie Fairman ’07, Lindsay Mandel ’09, Evan Sippel ’08, Ariel Boorstin ’07, Charlie Rice ’06, Beth Brunner ’06, Brian Davidson ’08, Jules Dormady ’08, and Julia Masnik '08. It is being directed by John Van Wyck ’06 and assistant director Brad Walters ’08.
Claremont Colleges students, faculty, and staff- NO CHARGE
Community Guests- $17.00
Birthing the Nation: Sex, Science, and the Conception of Eighteenth-Century Britons
MONDAY, APRIL 17, 2006
There is a powerful tendency to view past societies in purely rational terms: economic growth, military victories, and decisions of leadership. Yet it is important to resist this temptation, if for no other reason than that those societies rarely, if ever, viewed themselves in such a light. Instead, the critical eye must seek out historical understanding through the lens of the society itself, embracing the odd and sometimes alien metaphors that characterized the mindset of past cultures.
Lisa Cody, professor of history and chair of the history department at Claremont McKenna College, is exploring new territory in her examination of sex, gender, and their roles in shaping the larger national consciousness of 18th Century Great Britain. Her recently released book, Birthing the Nation: Sex, Science, and the Conception of Eighteenth-Century Britons (2005), attempts to integrate previously overlooked themes concerning sex and gender into a larger narrative of British political, economic, and social development. The book has already received the Phi Alpha Theta Prize, from the History Honor Society, for the Best First Book in any Historical Field in 2005, and the Sierra Prize from the Western Association of Women Historians, to the best book published by an association member in the last year in any field of history. Additionally, Professor Cody has earned recognition for several of her journal articles, including the Walter D. Love Article Prize for British History in 2005 and the Judith Lee Ridge Article Prize for women’s history in both 2002 and 2005.
Professor Cody graduated from Harvard and Radcliffe Colleges in 1987, and received her M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1990 and 1993, respectively. She taught at Stanford University and Denison University before joining the faculty at Claremont McKenna in 1996.
Lisa Cody’s lecture is part of the ongoing Athenaeum series Faculty Ideas in Progress.
The Political Argument Today
TUESDAY, APRIL 18, 2006
As political commentary descends ever deeper into the abyss of partisan and hypocritical analysis, the efforts of truly intelligent and insightful observers become increasingly worthy of admiration and emulation. One such observer is George Will, whose shrewd scrutiny of contemporary political, ideological, and social issues has marked him as one of America’s leading political analysts for over three decades. His ability to see through the usual political banality and portray the key themes of even the most controversial of issues is as remarkable as it is rare.
Mr. Will received his Ph.D. from Princeton University and worked as a staff member in the United States Senate from 1970 to 1972. He served as the Washington Editor of the National Review magazine from 1973 to 1976, and it was during this period that his column began to appear in syndication in the Washington Post, where it has remained for more than 30 years. He became a regular contributing editor for Newsweek magazine in 1976, and won a Pulitzer Prize for Commentary in 1977.
In addition to collections of his columns, of which seven have been published, Mr. Will is the author of numerous books on politics, political philosophy, and American society, including With A Happy Eye But…: America and the World, 1997-2002 (2002); Restoration: Congress, Term Limits and The Recovery of Deliberative Democracy (1992); and Men At Work: The Craft of Baseball (1990), which spent two months atop The New York Times bestseller list.
George Will’s lecture at the Athenaeum is sponsored by the Res Publica Society of Claremont McKenna College.
The University in the Minds of the Founders
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 2006
LUNCH 11:45 a.m., LECTURE 12:15 p.m.
The American university went through two major revolutions in the past century, the first driven by ideas of progressive reform, and the second by radical preoccupations with cultural change. Each revolution brought us further from the founders’ understanding of the purpose of the American university – what Jefferson called a “republic of letters.” James Piereson will discuss the founders’ understanding of the American university, and the possibility of restoring the principles of liberty, the search for truth, and the respect for the heritage of free institutions in a revitalized “republic of letters.”
James Piereson is president of the William E. Simon Foundation, a private grantmaking foundation with charitable interests in education, religion, and the problems of youth. He is also a senior fellow at The Manhattan Institute, where he heads a project on "The American University." He was executive director and trustee of the John M. Olin Foundation from 1985 until the end of 2005.
Mr. Piereson served on the Political Science faculties of several universities, including Iowa State (1974), Indiana University (1975), and the University of Pennsylvania (1976-82), teaching courses in United States government and political theory.
The author (with J. Sullivan and G. Marcus) of Political Tolerance and American Democracy (1989), Piereson has published articles and reviews in numerous journals. His talk is sponsored by the Henry Salvatori Center for the Study of Individual Freedom in the Modern World.
Was Joe McCarthy Right? New Archival Evidence on Soviet Espionage in America (With Reflections on “Good Night and Good Luck”)
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 19, 2006
Harvey Klehr, an internationally recognized authority on the history of American communism, Cold War politics, and espionage, has been named the Ricardo J. Quinones Distinguished Lecturer for Academic Year 2005-06. Established in honor of the founding director of the Family of Benjamin Z. Gould Center for Humanistic Studies, the Quinones Lectureship brings to the CMC campus some of the world’s preeminent intellectuals, writers, and public figures.
Professor Klehr, one of the first Western researchers permitted access to the archives of Communist International (Comintern), contends that, contrary to views common in both orthodox and revisionist historiography, the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA) “was never an independent American political party but a creature given life and meaning by its ties to the Soviet Union.” Klehr holds that the Soviet archives and the decrypted Venona files reveal “evidence of monetary support and use of the CPUSA for espionage” and that “the leadership of the CPUSA not only knew about the espionage, but actively participated in it.”
Dr. Klehr, Andrew W. Mellon professor of politics and history at Emory University, has authored or co-authored eleven books, including The Amerasia Spy Case: Prelude to McCarthyism (1996); The Secret World of American Communism (1995); Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America (1999); and In Denial: Historians, Communism and Espionage (2003); as well as numerous articles and reviews for such publications as The New Republic, The Wall Street Journal, and The New York Review of Books. In 2004, he was appointed to the membership of the National Council on the Humanities.
Holocaust Poetry: A Reading
THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 2006
"Charles Fishman’s poems are deep, sensuous, musical, and fully alive. Each one rings true. What more is there to say? This is, indeed, poetry.”
— Denise Levertov
Critically acclaimed for brave and captivating insight into one of history’s worst genocides, the poetry of Charles Adés Fishman reveals “deep perceptions about life and death…a poet's assessment of the human condition.”
Distinguished Service Professor of English at the State University of New York at Farmdale, Charles Fishman created the University’s Visiting Writers Program in 1979 and served as director until 1997. He has also served as Poetry Editor of New Works Review, Associate Editor of The Drunken Boat, and Poetry Consultant to the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC.
Fishman’s poems, essays, reviews, and translations have appeared in more than 300 journals internationally. His books include Country of Memory (2004), Blood to Remember: American Poets on the Holocaust (1991), and The Death Mazurka (1987), which was listed by the American Library Association as an "Outstanding Book of the Year" (1989) and nominated for the 1990 Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. His most recent work is Chopin’s Piano (2006).
Dr. Fishman has received the Eve of St. Agnes Poetry Award (1999) and the Ann Stanford Poetry Prize (1996). He is also the 2006 recipient of the Walt Whitman Birthplace Association’s Long Island School of Poetry Award.
His reading is sponsored by the Center for the Study of the Holocaust, Genocide, and Human Rights in commemoration of Holocaust Remembrance Day (Yom HaShoah).
Sustainable Development, Democracy, and Peace: A Critical Link
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26, 2006
"Maathai stands at the front of the fight to promote ecologically viable social, economic and cultural development in Kenya and in Africa."
-Oje Danbolt Mjoes, Nobel committee chairman.
As a globally respected environmentalist in a region known for both its natural beauty and its environmental struggles, Wangari Maathai continues to fight for the preservation of Kenya’s natural habitats and the development of a sustainable, environmentally sound developmental policy. In fact, her entire life represents an inspirational struggle to overcome one hurdle after another for the sake of conservation, democracy and human rights.
Dr. Maathai was the first woman to earn a doctorate degree in East and Central Africa when she graduated from the University of Nairobi in 1971, as well as an active member and then Chairwoman of the National Council of Women of Kenya from 1976 to 1987. She has appeared before the United Nations on several occasions, and her efforts on behalf of environmental protection and sustainable development have earned her universal admiration from the international community. In 2004 she received the Nobel Peace Prize, a fitting tribute to a career that had already been recognized with numerous awards, including the Petra Kelly Prize for Environment in 2004, the U.N.’s Africa Prize for Leadership in 1991, and the Woman of the Year Award in 1983.
Wangari Maathai currently serves on the boards of several organizations active in the field of conservation, and her approaches to environmental protection are utilized across the globe. In 2002, she was elected to Kenya’s Parliament with a staggering 98% of the vote and subsequently appointed Kenya’s Assistant Minister for Environment, Natural Resources and Wildlife.
Dr. Maathai’s Athenaeum lecture is made possible by a grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and support from the Roberts Environmental Center, the Office of the President at CMC, and the David E. French Lectureship Fund.
Annual McKenna Lecture on International Trade and Economics
TUESDAY, MAY 2, 2006
Anne O. Krueger works at the intellectual epicenter of international trade and economics. As the First Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund, Krueger keeps a busy schedule traveling among the 184 member countries: One day she's in London discussing the euro; the next she's in Moscow conferring about economic reform measures; the next she's in Sao Paolo lecturing on sovereign debt restructuring; and finally she's back home in Washington, D.C., talking about the historical role of globalization.
Before coming to the IMF in September 2001, Dr. Krueger was the Herald L. and Caroline L. Ritch Professor in Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University. She was the founding Director of the University’s Center for Research on Economic Development and a Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution. Krueger has also served as the World Bank's Vice President for Economics and Research.
With a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Wisconsin, Anne Krueger is a Distinguished Fellow of the American Economic Association and a member of the National Academy of Sciences. She is the author of Trade Policies and Developing Nations (1995) and the editor or co-editor of books that include Economic Policy Reforms and the Indian Economy (2004); Latin American Macroeconomic Reform: The Second Stage (2003); A New Approach to Sovereign Debt Restructuring (2002); and The WTO as an International Organization (2000).
Dr. Krueger’s lecture is 10th in the series of annual lectures on international trade and economics established by CMC's founding trustee, Donald C. McKenna.
Accommodating the West: Beijing, the City and Its University
THURSDAY, APRIL 20, 2006
LUNCH 12:00 p.m., LECTURE 12:30 p.m. Parents Dining Room
At Tiananmen in 1989, students stood on the frontline of social protest. This position reflected a long tradition of activism that marks the cardinal moments of twentieth-century Chinese history. Fabio Lanza's work explores the formative moments of this tradition, the shaping of its characteristics in the time and place when the modern student and the modern university emerged as politically charged categories: Beijing University during the May fourth protests of 1919. Beginning with the assumption that such categories cannot be presumed in advance of activism and struggle, Fabio Lanza shows how before 1919 neither the university nor the student existed as stable positions but were instead produced through the practices and conflicts of those politically tumultuous years.
Prof. Fabio Lanza graduated from the University of Venice, Italy in 1992. He studied at Beijing University and received his Ph.D. from Columbia University in 2004. After serving as a post-doctoral fellow in East Asian Studies at Columbia's Heyman Center for Humanities, since 2005 he is assistant professor at the Departments of History and East Asian Studies at the University of Arizona, Tucson.
The lunch begins at 12:00 p.m. in Parents Dining Room and the lecture will begin at 12:30 p.m.
The Nature of the Beast: Modernity and Empire at the Tokyo Imperial Zoological Gardens
THURSDAY, APRIL 27, 2006
LUNCH 12:00 p.m., LECTURE 12:30 p.m. Parents Dining Room
It is widely known that such Western institutions as the university, the museum, and the penitentiary shaped Japan’s emergence as a modern nation-state. Less commonly considered is the role played by the distinctly hybrid institution — at once laboratory, museum, and penitentiary — of the zoological garden, first opened in Japan in 1882. Imposing order on exotic nature and alien cultures alike, zoos expressed national commercial reach, scientific progress, political eminence, and imperial hegemony. First opened to the public in 1828 in London, the modern zoo was a product of Europe’s imperialist expansion, and the Ueno Zoo was the first zoological garden in the world not built under the sway of a Western imperial power.
Ian Miller uses the zoological garden and an array of related institutions — everything from diplomatic residences to the imperial library — to chart the cultural effects of Japan’s movement from semi-colonialism to imperialist expansionism. The zoo’s early displays, built in response to the social Darwinian logic of Western imperialism, used steel bars and Linnaean nomenclature to separate the zoo’s “civilized” patrons from its “savage” animals. This anti-colonial stance was quickly inverted, however, and Ueno was remade into a showcase for Japan’s own imperialist activities. By the 1930s, millions were streaming into the zoo to participate in the pageantry of fascist expansionism. Mounted troops led parades, uniformed kids played at dominion, and government scientists staged exhibitions on the natural wonders of the Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere. “Nature,” it seems, was a potent ideological medium.
Professor Miller teaches modern Japanese history at Arizona State University. Prior to moving to Tempe, he was a Post-Doctoral Fellow in the Expanding East Asian Studies Program at Columbia University’s Weatherhead East Asian Institute. He received his Ph.D. in History from the same university, an M.A. in East Asian Studies from the University of Illinois, and a B.A. from Earlham College.
Lunch begins at 12:00 p.m. and the talk will begin at 12:30 p.m. in Parents Dining room