March 31, 03

Vol. 18 , No. 10   

Promoting Child Well-Being Through Mother- and Father-Child Relationships
MONDAY, MARCH 31, 2003

Many factors affect a child's adjustment and well being, but supportive parents are among the most important resources children enjoy. Through most of the 20th century, mother-child relationships were exclusively emphasized, but research in the last third of the century documented the importance of relationships with fathers as well. Changing socio-political values have also forced re-evaluation and reconceptualization of maternal and paternal roles. In his Athenaeum presentation, Michael Lamb will review research on the development of father- and mother-child relationships, examining evidence on the similarities and differences between the features of these relationships, the type and extent of father- and mother-child interaction, and the processes by which parents influence their children's develop ment. He will also discuss the differences and similarities between the formative experiences of children in both single and two-parent families.

Michael Lamb received his Ph.D. in developmental psychology from Yale University in 1976 and an honorary doctorate in the Social Sciences from the University of Goteborg, Sweden in 1995. He has been head of the Section on Social and Emotional Development at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development since 1987. His research is concerned with social and emotional development, especially in infancy and early childhood; parent-child relationships; and child testimony. Lamb is the author or editor of many books on infant and child development, parent-child relationships, and forensic interviewing, as well as many journal articles based on his research. The Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children at CMC is the sponsor of Dr. Lamb's visit to Claremont McKenna College.

McKenna Lecture on International Trade and Economics

Urgent Business for America: Revitalizing the Federal Government for the 21st Century

Paul Volcker is one of the most influential economists of the 20th century. He has also emerged as a pillar of integrity amid the recent corporate scandals, and thus will surely leave his mark on the 21st century as well. Volcker served in the Federal government for almost thirty years during five presidential administrations. Appointed as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System by President Jimmy Carter in 1979, he was re-appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1983. Paul Volcker may best be remembered as the man who "broke the back" of inflation in the late '70s. Volcker has long and fiercely defended Federal Reserve independence. He favors its independence from political influence and values the special role of the regional Reserve banks within the larger System.

After leaving the Federal Reserve in 1987, he served as Chairman of the firm of James D. Wolfensohn & Co. until his retirement in 1996. In February 2002, President Bush asked Volcker to chair the second National Commission on the Public Service. On January 7, the commission released its final report, "Urgent Business America." The report contains 14 targeted recommendations for improving the state of the federal public service in order to better meet the needs of the 21st century.

In the wake of the Enron scandal, Volcker was invited by Arthur Andersen to lead an oversight panel in an attempt to restructure Andersen as an audit-only firm. His efforts proved futile when it became clear that Andersen and the government would not reach a settlement and that Andersen would go to trial on charges of obstructing justice. Still, Paul Volcker remains a champion of reform in the current crisis of the accounting profession. Currently, he serves as the chairman of the oversight committee for the International Accounting Standards Board.

Paul Volcker was born in 1927 in Cape May, New Jersey. He graduated from Princeton University in 1949, received an M.A. in political economy and government from Harvard University in 1951, and attended the London School of Economics. He has received honorary degrees from over fifty universities including Princeton, Harvard, and London University. He is also the author, with Toyoo Gyohten, of Changing Fortunes: The World's Money and the Threat to American Leadership (1992).

Paul Volcker's Athenaeum lecture is the ninth annual McKenna Lecture on International Trade and Economics, sponsored by Donald McKenna and the Philip McKenna Foundation. Dinner reservations are for CMC persons only. The lecture at 6:45 p.m. is open to all without charge.

How to Live Your Dream of Volunteering Overseas
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 2, 2003 12:15 p.m.

Zahara Heckscher's career as a writer and social justice organizer is grounded in her work overseas: volunteering to plant fruit trees in rural Zambia and helping to build a medical clinic in Nicaragua. The founder of the Community Alliance for Youth Action and former director of the Washington office of Global Exchange, Heckscher currently lectures on international volunteering at college campuses around the country.

She is a contributing editor at Transitions Abroad magazine. Her articles have been published in Community Jobs magazine, on the United for a Fair Economy website, and in the book Global Backlash: Citizen Initiatives for a Just World Economy (Rowman and Littlefield, 2002). Heckscher resides in Washington, D.C., where she is completing her graduate studies in International Development at American University, and works for the Center for Economic Justice.

Zahara Heckscher is sponsored by the Career Services Center at CMC. Lunch begins at 11:45 a.m. and she will speak at 12:15 p.m.

Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing

Dubbed the "Age of Genocide" by some historians, the 20th century's litany of atrocities continues into the 21st century. To date, more than two million people have been killed in Sudan's decades-long civil war and an additional 4.5 million have been driven from their homes. The September 11 terrorist attacks on American soil that claimed approximately 2,830 lives is another painful reminder of the destruction that can be waged by individuals motivated by ideologies or grievances against an existing state.

As the worldwide death toll rises, it is more critical than ever to understand the psychological roots of evil that can lead to mass murder. In his new book Becoming Evil: How Ordinary People Commit Genocide and Mass Killing (Oxford University Press 2002), social psychologist and psychology professor James Waller draws from seven years of research to mount an original argument for understanding why political, social, and religious groups wanting to commit mass murder are never hindered by a lack of willing executioners. In his Athenaeum lecture Professor James Waller will present his arguments and ideas on how being aware of our own capacity for inhumane cruelty, and knowing how to cultivate the moral sensibilities that curb that capacity, are the best safeguards we can have against future genocide and mass killing.

Professor James Waller is Lindaman chair and professor of psychology at Whitworth College, where he created the Prejudice Across America tour six years ago to give students firsthand exposure to the corrosive effects of racism as well as the work being done by individuals and groups to bring about racial reconciliation. He has been recognized for outstanding teaching and research in the areas of social psychology, racism, and Holocaust and genocide studies. He has written more than 30 articles in refereed professional journals and six chapters in edited books, including Face to Face: The Changing State of Racism Across America (Perseus Books, 1998), as well as the book that is the topic of his lecture.

Mao's China: Before, During, and After
THURSDAY, APRIL 3, 2003 12:15 p.m.

Mao Zedong was the founder of modern China and one of the most influential 20th century thinkers. He was also a ruthless and deeply flawed leader whose policies killed tens of millions of people. To help us gain a better understanding of Mao Zedong, his policies, and his impact on the Chinese political landscape, the Athenaeum is pleased to present a lecture by Professor Stuart R. Schram, the leading authority in the West on the life and thought of Mao Zedong.

Schram's lecture will address three aspects of Mao Zedong's role in shaping the history of the Chinese Communist Party: how he established his primacy prior to the conquests of power in 1943; the increasingly singular and radical adventures he launched following the establishment of the People's Republic of China; and his imprint, for better or for worse, on China today, and its prospects for the future.

Schram is the author of several books including, The Thought of Mao Tse-Tung (1989), Ideology and Policy in China since the Third Plenum, 1978-1984 (1984), Marxism and Asia (1969), Mao Zedong: A Preliminary Reassessment (1983), and The Scope of State Power in China (1986). He is currently serving as the editor of a multi-volume edition of Mao's writings, including previously unavailable texts and letters from Chinese sources.

Schram is a Professor of Chinese Politics Emeritus at London University's School of Oriental and African Studies and founding head of its Contemporary China Institute. He is also a Research Associate at Harvard's John King Fairbank Center for East Asian Research.

Professor Schram's lecture is jointly sponsored by the Kravis Leadership Institute and the Athenaeum. Lunch is at 11:45 a.m. and the talk begins at 12:15 p.m.

Ethics in Business

Gary Biszantz, a man with twin passions-golf and horse racing-has managed to master and become successful at both. A member of the Claremont McKenna College Board of Trustees, Biszantz received a degree in Business Administration from CMC. While a student at Claremont, Biszantz was captain of the golf team and an All-Conference guard on the basketball ream. As a senior, he was honored as Claremont's Athlete of the Year. Biszantz continued his life-long athletic activities as an avid golfer, winning the El Dorado Country Club Championship, Rancho Santa Fe Country Club Championship, and Glendora Country, Club Championship.

Biszantz, one of the principal founders of Cobra Golf in 1978, served as Chairman of tine Board and a Director of the Company from its inception. As Chairman of the Board of Cobra, Biszantz provided strategic planning and general management services to the company, which grew into the country's second-largest manufacturer of premium-oversized golf clubs. After the sale of Cobra to American Brands in January 1996, Biszantz turned his attention to the racing stable he had been building throughout his career at Cobra.

Since 1992 and through the end of 2002, horses owned by Biszantz (some owned in partnership) have made over 1,731 starts with 328 wins, 298 seconds, and 246 thirds, finishing in the money approximately 50.4% of the time. Biszantz credits his success to his philosophy woven around quality and winning, believing that you must first have the product, give the horse the chance to show its ability, and run it where it has the best opportunity for success. All horses now run under the name Cobra Farm.

Suzy Biszantz is president of The Greg Norman Collection, Reebok International. Promoted to this position in November 2002, Biszantz is responsible for overseeing all of The Greg Norman Collection operations, including project design and development, product and brand marketing, and sales operations.

Ms. Biszantz came to Reebok from Ashworth, Inc., a Southern California-based designer of men and women's golf-inspired lifestyle sportswear. As vice president of sales, she was responsible for launching Ashworth's women's collection, as well as implementing the company's Internet sales strategy. She is a native of Rancho Santa Fe, California and is currently based in Manhattan, New York.

Gary and Suzy Biszantz will speak to issues of "Ethics in Business" and lessons from their educational experiences that prepare individuals to successfully pursue entrepreneurial activities, particularly in the sports industry.

Dual-Earner Couples: Good/Bad for Her and/or Him?

Dual-earner couples constitute a majority of all American families. Yet, as a nation we are far from embracing this family form as the new American family. Indeed, most of the media coverage of the two-earner family is negative-focusing on its presumed problems. Headlines are replete with references to such disasters as "The Decline of the American Family," "The Time Squeeze," and "The Mommy Wars."

Yet the research literature suggests that full-time employed women and men in dual-earner couples are doing well-and so are their children. In her Athenaeum talk, Dr. Barnett will review this literature, touching on such topics as marital-role quality, parent-role quality, and psychological well-being. Most of the findings that will be discussed are based on a National Institute of Mental Health study of a random sample of 300 such couples.

Rosalind Chait Barnett is a Senior Scientist at the Women's Studies Research Center at Brandeis University and Director of its Community, Families & Work Program. Alone and with others, she has published over 90 articles, 20 chapters, and six books. Harvard University press published She Works/He Works: How Two-income Families Are Happy, Healthy and Thriving in paperback in 1998. Barnett is the recipient of several national awards, including the American Personnel and Guidance Association's Annual Award for Outstanding Research, the Radcliffe College Graduate Society's Distinguished Achievement Medal and Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government's 1999 Goldsmith Research Award.

Barnett is currently Principal Investigator on three grants. One is a study of maternal shift work and its effects on the socio-emotional well-being of children 8-13. The second explores how dual-earner families meet the travel demands of all their members. The third looks at the impact of long work hours on psychological distress within a random sample of 300 full-time employed dual-earner couples.

Dr. Barnett's visit to Claremont McKenna College is sponsored by the Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children.

The Last of the True African Explorers
TUESDAY, APRIL 8, 2003 12:15 p.m.

When it comes to a practical knowledge of the geography of central Africa, there is hardly anybody around who knows what he knows, who's been where he has, who's documented it. In that sense he's a classical explorer. But he's much more than that. He's living at a moment in time when the last forests are being destroyed, where the opportunity to save that world is fading rapidly.

-Peter Raven botanist, conservationist, head of the Missouri Botanical Garden

Explorer, botanist, anthropologist, and zoologist J. Michael Fay spent 455 days in 1999 and 2000 conducting the Megatransect-a massive expedition in which he walked across the Congo Basin forest. Aiming to document the vanishing wildlife of the region and increase public awareness, he kept hundreds of pages of notes and shot over 500 hours of video and audiotape of the region. Due to his work and expertise in various scientific disciplines, Fay was able to present both the big picture of wildlife conservation as well as the interdependence among species. As John Robinson, vice president of the Wildlife Conservation Society, stated, "Mike crossed over to the wild side and went in deep enough and stayed there long enough that, as he walked, he could see the effects people on the outside were having on the natural environment he was in." Due in part to the publicity the walk received, the government of Gabon declared its first-ever national park system last year, creating 13 new national parks, spanning some 10,000 square miles.

He has endured many trials in his guest to protect Africa's diverse wildlife- a plane crash, many bouts of malaria, and face-to-free confrontations with armed poachers. Earlier this year he survived an attack by an African elephant while trekking through a national park in Gabon. "Elephants will always be my friends, but I may just slow down on the level of interaction I have had in the past," he said.

Fay spent his childhood in Pasadena and attended the University of Arizona for an undergraduate degree in botany. College was followed by six years of Peace Corps service as a botanist in national parks in Tunisia and the savannahs of the Central African Republic. Fay attended graduate school at Washington University in St. Louis and conducted dissertation research on the lowland gorilla population in the forests of the Central African Republic. He went on to create the Dzanga-Sangha and Nouabale-Ndoki wildlife refuges in the Central African Republic and Congo. He is currently a National Geographic Explorer and based at the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York.

In May 2003, Fay hopes to start another trek. In a recent Los Angeles Times Magazine article he states that, "This time, I hope to be gone for five years."

Michael Fay's visit to CMC is sponsored by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, The Roberts Environmental Center, and the David E. French Lectureship.

Lunch is served at 11:45 am. The talk begins at 12:15 p.m.

Art as Absolute Truth

"Art is nonsense," avers Alex Melamid. "They can say terrible things about God, but they cannot say anything about art. It's like the holiest of holies. And believe me, I'm an atheist in both ways." We've long been hearing about the folly of art-from Plato and Oscar Wilde, from befuddled museum visitors (even Rudy Giuliani), from parents who would prefer their offspring pursue an accounting degree rather than one in art history. What adds weight to Melamid's argument is that "art," in one form or another, has always been his metier-from Socialist Realist canvases celebrating comrades and collectivism, to the mass-produced Kinkade cottages awash in oceans of linseed oil, to daubings by brush-brandishing Asian elephants.

Born in Moscow, Melamid attended that city's Stroganov Institute of Art and Design. With longtime collaborator and countryman Vitaly Komar, Melamid gained notoriety in his native country for initiating the SOT'S Art movement (the Soviet version of Western pop art) and for his derisive treatment of Soviet art. Since emigrating to the U.S. in 1977, Komar and Melamid have had their works displayed in numerous collections, including the Whitney, Guggenheim, and Metropolitan Museums in New York, the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, and the Australian National Gallery. Komar and Melamid also created "The People's Choice," a project designed to ascertain prevailing artistic preferences outside the world of traditional galleries, academics, and collectors. To this end, they conducted opinion polls and painted composite canvases-the "Most Wanted" (in both the U.S. and Russia, tranquil landscapes with historical figures like: George Washington and Jesus) and "Least Wanted" (red-tinged abstractions with triangles).

Just when skeptics were inferring "populism" to be Komar and Melamid's final word on the subject, the maverick Muscovites crossed a new frontier. In 1995 they began their first collaboration with an elephant, and three years later opened the world's first elephant art academy in Thailand. Melamid waxes ecstatic over pachyderms' passion for painting- a trait that is apparently as inter-specific as it is international: "We met one absolutely astonishing African American elephant in the Toledo Zoo who is an absolutely marvelous painter."

Corporate Complicity in the Holocaust: Degussa from Aryanization to Auschwitz

Degussa-Huls began more than 120 years ago as a refinery in Frankfurt-am-Main. Within a few years it opened a plant in New York, and over the next several decades continued to evolve- via mergers, diversification, and scientific advances-into a multi-national corporation which today operates more than 300 facilities worldwide and employs nearly 50,000 people. In Germany, to be in the employ of Degussa-Huls is to be recognized as one of the elite: only one of every seven applicants makes it through the company's selection process, which includes rigid resume screening and a five-hour test of general knowledge-all for the privilege of enrolling in a three-year training program.

Yet this titan of technology has had to confront the ghosts of its past. Between 1933 and 1945 the company realized enormous profits from precious metals and other properties expropriated from Jews. Degussa also produced Zylaon B, the cyanide derivative used in the gas chambers at Auschwitz (which alone purchased some 23,000 kilograms from Degussa) and Majdanek. Moreover, Degussa, like many industries struggling to meet production quotas at a time when 11 million Germans had been called to fight in the war, used slave labor to re-man its diminished work force. After the war, the Allies demanded that Degussa make restitution to its victims and their survivors.

Questions remain regarding Degussa's participation in the Nazi war effort. Did they have a choice? How much did they know? Peter Hayes, the Theodore Z. Weiss Professor of Holocaust Studies at Northwestern University, has devoted much of his career to uncovering evidence of corporate complicity in the Third Reich. The author of lndustry and Ideology: IG Farben in the Nazi Era (1987) and Lessons and Legacies: The Meaning of the Holocaust in a Changing World (1991). Hayes is a member of the academic advisory boards of the Fritz Bauer Institute in Frankfurt and the concentration camp memorial at Buchenwald-Dora. Professor Hayes's talk, part of the series "Confronting Evil: Lectures on the Holocaust and Genocide," is sponsored by the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies and the Pomona College Department of Sociology.

New Leaders in Asia: Implications for America
THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 2003 12:15 p.m.

New leaders have emerged recently in China and South Korea. They will rule their countries for at least five to ten years, during which many great changes are expected in East Asia. Their coming to leadership represents not only a change of individual power holders but also a transfer of power from one generation to another. Little is known about these new leaders. Who are they? Are they nationalists with strong resentments against the U.S.? What domestic and external issues will they confront? What policies will they pursue bilaterally and multilaterally? And how will they affect the U.S. policies in the region?

The U.S. is already confronted with difficult challenges in East Asia. Examples include North Korea's nuclear weapons and missiles program, anti-American feelings, the call for readjustments in U.S. military presence, and the rapid rise of China as a regional economic and military power. The future of East Asia and U.S. policies in the region will depend on how we deal with these new leaders.

Chong-Wook Chung, will address these and other issues in his luncheon speech- sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies in cooperation with the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum.

Professor Chong-Wook Chung, having studied at Seoul National University (BA in international relations, 1965) and Yale University (Ph.D. in political science, 1975), returned to Korea in 1977 after a brief teaching career at Yale and American University in Washington, D.C. to take up an appointment at Seoul National University as a professor of international relations. Beginning in 1993 he worked for two years in the office of the Korean President as the Senior Secretary for Foreign Policy and National Security. Later he was appointed as Korean Ambassador to the People's Republic of China where he served until April 1998. He is now a professor at Ajou University in Suwon Korea.

He has published many books and articles, including Maoism and Development: The Politics of Industrial Management in China (1980), and Major Powers and Peace in Korea (1979).

Professor Chung is currently the Freeman Foundation Visiting Professor of Asian Affairs at Claremont McKenna College and is teaching a course this spring on Topics in U.S. Relations with Asia.

A Problem From Hell: America and the Age of Genocide

In A Problem From Hell Samantha Power offers an uncompromising examination of 20th century acts of genocide and the U.S. responses to them. Using material from more than 300 interviews and from government documents, Power examines the Armenian Genocide, the Holocaust, Iraqi attacks on the Kurds, Rwanda, and Bosnia and argues that U.S. intervention in these situations has been shamefully inadequate. Power juxtaposes denial of knowledge of genocide by U.S. government officials with government documents showing that in many cases the U.S. government was aware of the tragedies and chose to turn its head. Doris Kearns Goodwin has written that Power writes of "a history that has never before been told, and it should change the way we see America and its world."

Ms. Power is Lecturer in Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government and was the founding Executive Director of the Carr Center for Human Rights at Harvard. From 1993-1996 Power covered the wars in the former Yugoslavia as a reporter for the Economist and US News and World Report. She also has worked for the International Crisis Group as a political analyst and helped launch the organization in Bosnia.

A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide (2002) was the winner of the 2002 National Book Critics Circle Award for General Nonfiction. Ms. Power's article "Bystanders to Genocide", on the Rwandan genocide, appeared in the September 2001 issue of the Atlantic Monthly. She is also the editor, with Graham Allison, of Realizing Human Rights: Moving from Inspiration to Impact (2000).

Samantha Power's lecture is part of the series Confronting Evil: Lectures on the Holocaust and Genocide.


The Athenaeum serves as a gathering place where ideas, inquiry, and fellowship bring students, faculty, staff, other scholars, and nationally prominent speakers together. Attendance at any event may be limited to persons associated with CMC, to the people who signed up for the dinner, or to the maximum number of people allowed by fire regulations. On some occasions the speaker may address the group in another forum or the College may set up a video feed to handle an overflow crowd. All programs at the Athenaeum are filmed. Individuals attending should understand that their image might appear on the videotape. House rules and common courtesy prohibit disruptive actions inside the building during an Athenaeum sponsored program. Time allowing, there will be a period set aside for questions. Students will have priority during this portion of the program. Guests are expected to dress appropriately in all dining rooms. Shorts, jeans, and t-shirts are not acceptable at dinner; more casual attire is acceptable for lunch and tea. No bare feet at any time.