April 1, 02

Vol. 17 , No. 10   

Walking the Tightrope: The Tensions Between Work and Family in America Today

For tens of millions of Americans the stress of juggling the competing demands of work and family is a primary concern-second only, perhaps, to concerns over earning a livable income. In today's economy, we are earning more, but working longer hours and spending less time with our families. Unsurprisingly, we are usually less happy than before. Stress over time pressure is perhaps universal, a result of changes in the American workforce over the past three decades and of the never-ending demands of a "24/7" workplace ethic. Too many Americans find themselves tied to their work through cellular phones and e-mail.

Hedrick Smith, Executive Producer and Correspondent for PBS's recent nationwide special on "Juggling Work and Family" (2001), joins us at the Athenaeum for a talk sponsored by the Berger Institute for Work, Family and Children and the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies. Smith draws on the experiences and daily obstacles of high tech managers in Silicon Valley and assembly line workers in the Midwest, alike. He reports on the strategies progressive companies use to ease the pressures on employees raising children or caring for their own elderly parents. Exploring the structural and cultural norms in America, which were formed a half century ago, he questions whether or not these norms are appropriate in today's society.

Having recently completed the series on work and family, Smith previously hosted twelve prime-time PBS specials and series on issues as diverse as Washington's power game, Soviet perestroika, the global economy, and teen violence. For 26 years, Smith was a correspondent for The New York Times. A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, he served as Chief Diplomatic Correspondent on the team that produced the Pentagon Papers (1971).

25 Years of Humorous Wisdom from Cathy

In 1976 Cathy Guisewite became the first woman to break the "paper ceiling" of the comic pages with her comic strip Cathy, the first widely syndicated humor strip by a female cartoonist. Millions of fans read Cathy each day in one of 1,500 newspapers. The strip was revolutionary not simply because it features a woman, but also deals honestly with the conflicting emotions of women. Topics for the strip have evolved since 1976 from issues like the right to work to the difficulties of having a career and a family, but broader themes remain the same. Guisewite identifies these themes as "the four basic guilt groups-food, love, mom and work." Although her own life has changed in many ways since starting the comic strip, she insists that the character Cathy and its artist share much in common. "We're both trying to be dynamic business people, nurturing homeowners, loving partners, environmentally correct citizens, financial wizards, loyal friends, community activists . . . and a size five all at once." She adds, "also, we're trying to find the appropriate outfit and matching shoes for each life role."

No matter how much of a struggle it may be for Cathy in the comic strip, Guisewite herself seems to be balancing things with great success: she has received the National Cartoonists Society's Ruben Award for Outstanding Cartoonist of the Year and an Emmy for her first animated television special featuring Cathy.

Coincidentally, 25 years ago Guisewite created Cathy and CMC went coed. Two strokes of brilliance!

Cathy Guisewite's visit to CMC is sponsored by the Berger Institute of Work, Family, and Children and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum. The dinner is for CMC persons only; the lecture is open to all.

American Jazz Institute Brass Ensemble: Jelly Roll Blues- The Music of Jelly Roll Morton
JACK MONTROSE, tenor saxophone
MARK MASTERS, conductor, American Jazz Institute Brass Ensemble
RON STOUT, trumpet
LES LOVITT, trumpet
STEPHANIE O'KEEFE, french horn
DAVE WOODLEY, trombone
LES BENEDICT, trombone

Composer and pianist Jelly Roll Morton (1890-1941) is regarded by many as the first important jazz composer. Born in New Orleans on October 20, 1890, Morton, a gifted musician, learned to play many different instruments before concentrating on playing the piano at age 10. During his formative years in the early 1900s, he incorporated gospel, hymns, blues, ragtime, French, Hispanic, and Caribbean influences into a new, distinct style: jazz. His early classics, like "King Porter Stomp" and "Wolverine Blues," demonstrate his major role in the movement of this hybrid music style.

After a move to Chicago, Morton began touring with his group, the Red Hot Peppers, which featured Kid Ory and Johnny and Baby Dodds as members. His characteristic fusion of spontaneous improvised jazz and his rehearsed orchestral approach to ensemble jazz rank him with the likes of Duke Ellington, Thelonious Monk, and Charles Mingus.

Jelly Roll Blues is the fruition of a concept originally proposed to renowned tenor saxophonist and arranger Jack Montrose by Lester Koenig of Contemporary Records. Now, more than forty years later, the American Jazz Institute, the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies, and the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum are delighted to present this concert.

Please join us for a night of "hot" jazz at the Ath.

Politics and the Bush Administration After 9/11

I'm a liberal Democrat . . . . I worked for George McGovern, I worked for Jimmy Carter. I've worked for Ted Kennedy, Mario Cuomo. But I have to tell you, at this point it's hard to believe, but my party . . . has become no longer a party of principles, but has been hijacked by a confederacy of gangsters who need to take power by whatever means and whatever canards they can.

-Patrick Caddell, MSNBC

Can we get this godforsaken event over with so I can go back to presiding over a civilization gone to hell in a handcart?

-President Jed Bartlet The West Wing

Needless to say, Patrick Caddell is not your average pundit. Caddell's efforts to shake up the establishment began in 1972, when at the age of 21, the young Harvard graduate led underdog George McGovern to the Democratic nomination. Four years later, Caddell orchestrated Jimmy Carter's successful campaign for the presidency. More recently, Caddell has been a fierce critic of the Clinton Administration and a vocal opponent of Al Gore's post-election maneuvering in Florida. Caddell has earned distinction as the conscience of the left, warning Democrats against the "unconditional surrender of their ideals."

Endeavoring to escape the moral vacuum of the modern political scene, Caddell has moved from the Washington beltway to the Hollywood studio. As a writer for the award-winning NBC series, The West Wing, he now charts the political career of America's most scrupulous, principled, and brilliant president-Jed Bartlet.

In his talk, however, Caddell will avoid fiction. Rather, he will discuss the odd mixture of change and continuity that he observes emerging after September 11. On the one hand, the devastating terrorist attacks have profoundly altered the attitudes of the American public. On the other hand, America's political institutions have remained wedded to the status quo. Is this disconnect between the country and its leaders a cause for concern? In a style that compelled Hardball's Chris Matthews to name Caddell his alltime favorite guest, Caddell will search for answers.

Patrick Caddell's talk is the keynote address for the April 5 conference, "Bush's First Year: A Changing Administration in a Changing World." Sponsored by CMC's Henry Salvatori Center, the conference will bring together journalists and scholars to discuss the impact and direction of the Bush Administration after 9/11. Panelists include Michael Barone of U.S. News & World Report, Ron Brownstein of the Los Angeles Times, Nelson Polsby of UC Berkeley, and Aaron Freidberg of Princeton University. The conference is open to the public.

Undoing Certain Mischievous Questions About the Holocaust

According to Professor Berel Lang, visiting scholar at the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C., there are certain common questions accepted and asked about the Holocaust that are based on misleading or mistaken premises. Why didn't the Jews resist? Why weren't there more "Righteous Gentiles?" How could the Germans have done what they did? These are among the questions Lang will analyze in his Athenaeum talk, showing how they are mischievous and how they can be changed.

A professor of humanities at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, Berel Lang is an internationally known philosopher and an expert on the Holocaust. Books authored by Lang include The Future of the Holocaust: Between History and Memory (1999), Holocaust Representation: Art Within the Limits of History (1997); Heidegger's Silence (1996), and Act and Idea in the Nazi Genocide (1990). In The Future of the Holocaust Lang notes the past is not "static"; rather, our current interpretation of the Holocaust affects future analysis.

Until this June, Lang is in residence at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as an Ina Levine Invitational Scholar.

Berel Lang's lecture is held in observance of Yom Hashoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day) and is sponsored by the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies and the European Union of California-with support from the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum-as part of the series Researching the Holocaust. Prior to this event at 5:00 PM, the chaplains of The Claremont Colleges will lead a short service in the Athenaeum courtyard.

Global Pollution

In recent times, hardly a day goes by without hearing about pollution, global warming, or the hole in the ozone layer. However, such damage in the atmosphere due to our use of chemical emissions has only been known since the 1970s-and the seriousness of its consequences is becoming readily apparent today. Thus, research-like that done by Dr. F. Sherwood Rowland-is of extreme importance.

In 1995 Rowland shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Mario Molina and Paul Crutzen "for their work on atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone." Along with postdoctoral colleague Molina, Rowland, a specialist in atmospheric chemistry and radiochemistry, was the first person to warn that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) released into the atmosphere were depleting the earth's critical ozone layer. This finding, as the Los Angeles Times Magazine stated, "rocked the government, threatened a huge industry, and transformed global environmental policy."

His research in the 1970s eventually led to legislation in the United States, Canada, and Scandinavia regulating the manufacture and use of CFCs, and in 1987 to the Montreal Protocol of the United Nations Environment Program-the first international agreement for controlling and ameliorating the environmental damage to the global atmosphere. The terms of the Montreal Protocol were strengthened in 1992 to attain a complete phaseout of further CFC production by the year 1996. Consequent measurements in the atmosphere have proven that CFC emissions on a global scale have essentially stopped.

In addition to his work with CFCs, Rowland has been investigating the impact of methane gas on the environment. Over the last hundred years, the greenhouse warming contribution of methane has been second only to that of carbon dioxide.

In sum, he is the author of more than 380 scientific publications, including approximately 100 in the area of atmospheric chemistry. Besides the Nobel Prize, he has won many other prestigious awards, such as the Tyler World Prize in Ecology and Energy, the Albert Einstein Prize of the World, and the 1993 American Chemical Society Peter Debye Medal in Physical Chemistry. He also holds honorary degrees from seventeen institutions.

Dr. Rowland is currently the Donald Bren Research Professor of Chemistry at the University of California, Irvine. He came to the University in 1964 as the first chair of the department of Chemistry. Previously, he has held faculty positions at Princeton University and the University of Kansas. He earned his bachelor's degree from Ohio Wesleyan University and his master's and doctoral degrees from the University of Chicago.

Professor Rowland's lecture is part of the series Urban Air Pollution, funded by a grant from the Mellon Foundation.

One Israeli. One Palestinian. Talking Peace.

Called an optimist, dreamer and traitor, Dr. Yossi Beilin has been at the forefront of Israeli peace negotiating. He is considered one of the key Israeli architects of the Oslo peace process, and a leading thinker of his generation. Dr. Beilin served as Minister of Justice and Minister of Religious Affairs in the government of former Prime Minister Ehud Barak. He has also served his government as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of Finance, Minister of Economics and Social Development, Minister Without Portfolio and as a member of the Knesset Foreign Affairs Committee.

Criticized and respected by Americans and Israelis alike, Yasser Abed Rabbo is the Palestinian Authority Minister of Information and Culture. Mr. Rabbo headed Final Status negotiations with Israel dealing with the sensitive issues of Jerusalem, Palestinian refugees, Israeli settlements, water, and borders. His experience in negotiations began in 1991 when he was a member of the Palestinian delegation to the Middle East peace conference in Madrid. He has served on the PLO Executive Committee since 1971.

Beilin and Rabbo both support a comprehensive, viable peace between Israel and Palestine, resulting in two side-by-side nations, with secure borders. Despite the violent daily realities of Israel, they are committed to ongoing negotiations between Palestinians and Israelis.

Seeds of Peace is internationally recognized by Israeli and Palestinian leaders, United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, His Late Majesty King Hussein and Queen Noor of Jordan, along with bipartisan support on Capitol Hill as an effective promoter of peace in the Middle East. The organization runs summer camps, bringing together youth to break the cycle of violence around the world. They subscribe to the principle, "Peace is made by people." Thanks to Seeds of Peace we are able to bring these two distinguished speakers to the Athenaeum.

Lunch is served at 11:45 a.m. The program begins at noon.

Constitutional Issues in the War on Terrorism

The war on terrorism presents important issues under the U.S. Constitution and under international law. The traditional rules of international law were developed for wars between nations, not with terrorist groups; however, the law of piracy provides some useful analogies. The role of the U.N. in modern international law should be considered as well by America and her allies fighting in Afghanistan and elsewhere. The detainees in Cuba, prisoners on the battlefields, and suspects within the United States each present different concerns under U.S. Constitutional law and under the pragmatic realities of the threat America and the world faces. Constitutional rights were established to protect us at times of greatest stress; what problems are presented with the USA Patriot Act, and how can they be overcome?

Addressing this question at the Athenaeum will be Thomas J. Campbell, a professor of Law at Stanford University. Specializing in antitrust and international law, Campbell has an impressive background. Besides working as an attorney for the Winston and Strawn law firm, he has clerked for both Judge George E. MacKinnon, U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit, and Justice Byron White, U.S. Supreme Court.

After working in the judicial branch of the government, Campbell switched powers and moved to the legislature. He served as a member of the United States Congress from 1989-1993 and 1995-2001 and in the California State Senate from 1993-I995.

Campbell received his bachelor's, master's, and Ph.D. (economics) degrees from the University of Chicago, and his J.D. from Harvard.

Russian Political Culture: Changes and Continuity

Why has Russia's path to democracy been so troubled over the past decade? What role does Russia's political culture play? Is there something specific to the Russian culture that confounds the already difficult process of democratization? If so, how fixed is a nation's political culture and how much time must pass for real change? Leading Russian political scientist Sergei Chugrov will answer these and other questions in his address on Russia's political culture. In his talk Dr. Chugrov will discuss how Russia's current process of Westernization has been reconciled with other Slavic traditions in the country's transition to a new post-communist political order.

Dr. Chugrov comes to Claremont from Moscow in order to share his recent research on political change in Russia. Dr. Chugrov is a leading scholar in the Russian Academy of Sciences and is currently a Senior Researcher at the Center for Comparative Socio-Political Studies at the prestigious Russian political science institute, the Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO). He also is the Deputy EditorIn-Chief of The World Economy and International Relations Journal. He is the author of multiple articles and books on Russian politics, Russian foreign policy, and U.S.-Russian relations. Dr. Chugrov's visit to CMC is sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies.

Lunch is served at 11:45 a.m. The lecture begins at 12:15 p.m.

Psychopaths and Their Nature: Some Clues from Cognitive Neuroscience

Psychopaths tend to be glib and charming. They also tend to be callous, violent, remorseless and unable to experience the normal depth and range of human emotion. Robert Hare is Emeritus Professor of Psychology at the University of British Columbia and the leading authority on psychopaths. As a researcher, he has studied the development of psychopathy and has created the most widely used test for assessing psychopaths. Professor Hare has consulted with the FBI and RCMP and is on the advisory panel established by the English Prison Service to develop new programs for the treatments of psychopathic criminals. His recent book, Without Conscience: The Disturbing World of Psychopaths Among Us (1993), summarizes his research for a general audience.

Hare is the recipient of the 2001 awards for Outstanding Contributions to Forensic Psychiatry and Psychiatric Jurisprudence, The American Academy of Forensic Psychology's Award for Distinguished Applications, and the Silver Medal of the Queen Sophia Center in Valencia, Spain.

Hare is the final speaker in the series Psychology and Law. Past speakers included Piers Bannister of Amnesty International, London, (10/16) "Human Rights and the Death Penalty in the USA: An International Perspective" and Shari Diamond, Northwestern University Law School, (11/13) "Understanding Juries."

Japanese Relations with the United States

The Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies is pleased to sponsor the Honorable Yukihiko Ikeda's public speech on "Japanese Relations with the United States." He will present a cogent, thoughtful, and balanced review of Japan-U.S.relations in diplomatic, economic, and strategic areas and will assess the critical importance of alliance and cooperation between the two countries in the 21st century.

After graduating from the Faculty of Law, Tokyo University, he entered the prestigious Japanese Ministry of Finance and held a number of important bureaucratic positions. In 1976 he was elected to the House of Representatives from Hiroshima Prefecture; he has been reelected nine consecutive terms since then. He served as Chairman of the Finance Committee of the House of Representatives and as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1996-1997). Other cabinet-level positions he led include the Defense Agency and the Management and Coordination Agency. As a senior member of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, the Honorable Ikeda is one of the most outstanding and influential political leaders in Japan.