The Korean War: Personal Reflections
MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2000 12:15 p.m.
As a 29-year-old major in command of Weapons Company, 1st
Battalion, 1st Marines, Edwin Howard Simmons landed at Inchon
on 15 September 1950 during the Korean War. He took part in
the epic Chosin (Chanjin) Reservoir campaign and other major offensives.
He left Korea in late June 1951 after being lightly wounded. A veteran
of three wars-World War II in the Pacific, Korea, and Vietnam-he likes to
boast that he has commanded in combat, or been acting commander, of every
size Marine unit from platoon to division. His 14 personal military decorations
include the Distinguished Service Medal, the Silver Star, three Legions of Merit
with Combat V, two Bronze Stars with Combat V, and a Purple Heart.
In 1972, upon retirement from active service, he returned to active duty
to serve as the Director of Marine Corps History and Museums. He held this
position for 24 years. General Simmons is a past president of the American
Military Institute, the Council on America's Military Past, and the 1st Marine
Division Association, and is a founder and past vice president of the Marine
Corps Heritage (formerly "Historical") Foundation. His publications include
award-winning Korean war novel, Dog Company Six (2000), The United States Marines:
A History (1998), The Marines (1998), and a 68-page pamphlet history, Over the Sea Wall:
U.S. Marines at Inchon (2000). At present he is writing a similar pamphlet history of
the Chosin Reservoir campaign and a book-length history of the Marines in
the First World War. General Simmons' luncheon speech is sponsored by the Keck Center for International and Strategic Studies. Lunch begins at 11:45 a.m. General Simmons will speak at 12:15 p.m.
The Racial Politics of Adoption
MONDAY, OCTOBER 23, 2000
Named in 1994 as one of Time magazine's "50
American's under 40 destined to shape the future
of the US," Randall Kennedy's career has led
him from the legal profession to academia as
an accomplished professor, journalist, editor, and author.
After graduating from Princeton University, where he won
a Rhodes scholarship to Oxford University, Kennedy received
his law degree from Yale Law School in 1982. He then clerked
for Judge J. Skelly Wright and Supreme Court Justice Thurgood
Marshall. He is a member of the bar of the District of Columbia
and the Supreme Court of the United States. Kennedy began
teaching law at Harvard Law School in 1984, where he remains
a Professor of Law specializing in contracts, the regulation of
freedom of expression, and race relations law.
In 1990 Kennedy founded the magazine Reconstruction, a
highly praised journal of African-American politics and culture.
He has also written for The Harvard Law Review, Yale Law
Review, The New York Times, Newsweek, The Washington Post
and The New Republic. Kennedy is a contributing editor at
IntellectualCapital.com and is on the editorial boards at The
Nation, Dissent, and The American Prospect.
Kennedy's first book, Race, Crime and the Law (1997), was
awarded the 1998 Robert F. Kennedy Book Award. In this book
Kennedy addresses many of the issues surrounding the intersection of race relations and legal institutions-the subject of a
lecture he presented at the Athenaeum in September 1997.
Kennedy's talk will draw from a nearly finished
book, whose working title is Interracial Intimacies. He will
describe and justify the federal Multi-Ethnic Placement Act that largely prohibits racial matching in adoption. Racial
matching is the practice of preferring to place children of a
given race with adults of the same race for purposes of adoption.
Kennedy also criticizes the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), a
federal statute that discourages the placement of Indian children
with adults who are not Indian.
Year 2000: Global Issues
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 2000
In 1979 Georgetown University Professor Jeane
Kirkpatrick wrote a magazine article proposing
changes in United States human rights policy.
This article caught the attention of Governor
of California Ronald Reagan, who was at the time considering
a second bid for the Presidency. Two years later, Reagan was
sworn in as President of the United States and appointed
Kirkpatrick as the country's first female ambassador to the
United Nations. President Reagan called her "a giant among
the diplomats of the world."
Kirkpatrick has had a remarkable career outside of the United
Nations. She is the author of four books: Good Intentions (1996), The
Withering Away of the Totalitarian Estate . . . and Other Surprises (1991),
The Reagan Phenomenon and Other Speeches in Foreign Policy (1983), and Legitimacy and Force: National and International Dimensions (1987). She is a
regular contributor of op-ed articles in newspapers and journals
including the Los Angeles Times, The New York Times, and The
Washington Post. She has served as a member of both the Defense
Policy Review Board and the President's Foreign Intelligence
Advisory Board. She has received the Medal of Freedom, the
highest civilian honor in the United States, as well as presidential
medals from the Czech Republic and Hungary. She recently
became the 50th recipient of the Friend of Zion Award from
the Prime Minister of Israel.
Kirkpatrick is currently the Leavey Professor of Government
at Georgetown University and testifies yearly before committees
of the Senate and House of Representatives on national and
international defense policies.
As a discerning scholar, political scientist, and advocate for
America's foreign policy, Dr. Kirkpatrick is one of the modern
era's experts on geopolitical issues. Her lecture at the Athenaeum
is sponsored bv the Res Publica Society of CMC.
Human Agenda in Health Care
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 25, 2000
After the publication of Anna Quindlen's first novel,
Object Lessons (1991), a review in The Washington Post
noted, "Quindlen knows all the things we ever
will be can be found in some forgotten fragment
of family." In both her writing and her life, Quindlen dedicates
herself to finding a more humane, ethical, and just way of living.
She remains determined to balance motherhood and marriage
with a career, not willing to sacrifice family for success.
Over the last 25 years, Anna Quindlen's work has appeared in
some of America's most influential newspapers, many of its best-
known magazines, and on both fiction and non-fiction lists. As
a columnist at The New York Times from 1981 to 1994, Quindlen
became only the third woman in the paper's history to write
a regular column for its influential op-ed page when she began
the nationally syndicated column "Public and Private." A collection of
these columns was gathered in Thinking Out Loud (1993), which
was on The New York Times Best Seller list for more than three
months. In 1992 Quindlen won the coveted Pulitzer Prize for
Quindlen has written three bestselling novels: Object Lessons
(1991), One True Thing (1994) and Black and Blue (1998). One True Thing was adapted into a Universal feature film starring
Meryl Streep and Black and Blue was chosen for Oprah's Book
Club. Quindlen is also the author of a collection of essays, Living
Out Loud (1988), and two children's books, The Tree That Came
to Stay (1992) and Happily Ever After (1997). She provided the text for the coffee table pictorials Naked Babies (1996) and
Siblings (1998). In October 1999 Quindlen returned to life
as a columnist writing the prestigious "Last Word" on
the back page of Newsweek.
Anna Quindlen's visit to the Athenaeum is cosponsored
by the Claremont Coalition on End of Life Issues, a grassroots
community effort designed to raise awareness of the issues
integral to the end of life. Dinner is for CMC persons only.
The 6:45 p.m. talk is open to all.
The New Cosmology: Einstein's Biggest Blunder Undone
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 26, 2000
Gravitation has always been a question of, well . . .
some gravity. Many great minds have mused over
this seemingly simple force that causes all matter
to attract more matter to it-from Copernicus to
Galileo, from Brahe to Kepler, from Newton to Einstein. But
lately there has been a problem with the commonly held theory
of gravity that all observable objects-stars, planets, black holes,
nebulae, etc.-account for only 5% of the theoretically necessary
mass of the universe. The remaining and intangible 95%
(referred to as dark matter) has eluded scientists for decades.
"We are really faced with two untenable possibilities," says
Gregory Bothun, professor of physics at the University of Oregon.
"Either we must believe in dark matter without really understanding anything about it, or we must believe that Newtonian
gravity doesn't work the way we thought it did."
Bothun has made the exploration of this question his work.
If he finds that there is, in fact, no evidence or need for the
existence of dark matter, it would mean rewriting the theory
of one of the most basic and observable forces of nature.
Bothun began teaching at the University of Oregon in 1990,
where he has also served as director of the university's Pine Mountain Observatory. As part of his work at the observatory,
he supervises an educational outreach program to middle and
high school aged students. Using the facilities at the observatory along with the Internet, he allows students to operate the
telescopes at the observatory remotely. Because of these and
other projects, he is considered a leader in integrating technology with teaching. Besides being the author of two textbooks,
Modern Cosmological Observations and Problems (1998) and Cosmology:
Mankind's Grand Investigation, Bothun is the scientific editor
of The Astrophysical Journal. Professor Bothun also has extensive experience in operating space-based interments, including
the Hubble Space Telescope.
Professor Gregory Bothun is Claremont McKenna College's
2000-2001 Phi Beta Kappa Visiting Scholar
Putin's Challenge: Rebuilding the Russian State
MONDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2000
A little more than a year ago, Russian President Boris
Yeltsin appointed a lifelong KGB agent and former
spy, Vladimir Putin, as his new Prime Minister.
Putin's selection was deemed as the latest and
perhaps most worrisome of the long list of Yeltsin appointees.
Few guessed that Putin would be Yeltsin's last prime minister,
and even fewer supposed that he would become Russia's second
president in the first peaceful and democratic transfer of power
in Russia's l000 year history. But Vladimir Putin remains an
enigmatic figure. Is he liberal or authoritarian? What is to be
learned from his handling of the tragedy aboard the Kursk?
Will he work to foster freedom and civil liberty, or will he
bring Russia back into its authoritarian winter? Putin has a
clear agenda for rebuilding the Russian state in the context
of a highly competitive global economy. But it is still very
much an open question whether he will succeed in this task.
Peter Rutland is a fellow with the Caspian Studies Program at
the Kennedy School of Government and also teaches full time at
Wesleyan University. He has done fieldwork in Russia, Czechoslovakia, and Uzbekistan and recently interviewed President Putin.
Rutland completed his B.A. in politics and economics at
Oxford and his Ph.D. in sociology at the University of York.
He has written two books on Russian society, The Myth of the
Plan (1984) and The Politics of Economic Stagnation in the Soviet
Union: The Role of Local Political Organs in Economic Management (1993) and has edited the forthcoming Business and the State in
Contemporary Russia (2000). Rutland has worked for both Radio Free
Europe and the Radio Liberty Research Institute in Prague and
has edited an annual survey of political events in the 27 former
socialist countries for the East-West Institute.
Under the Lights: Selections of Poe
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 2000
You've been to the Madrigal Feast. You've been to
Lunar New Year. You know the hot-drink
code backwards and forwards. You know which
cheese goes best with which crackers, and how to
separate the juice from the ice when you pour yourself a drink.
You know that you have to show up at 3:42 p.m. if you want
to get the last of the chocolate-covered strawberries from
afternoon tea. You even know who Marian Miner Cook is. You think you know everything there is to know about the
Athenaeum. But you don't.
On October 31st the Ath will host the First Annual Athenaeum Halloween Party. The evening will begin with a wild
and scary dinner prepared by chefs David and Sid, and will be
followed with a selection of poems by the great Edgar Allan Poe
read by members of "Under the Lights," CMC's very own acting
troupe. Finally, everyone will be dismissed from the Athenaeum
around 7:15 p.m. to the Frazee Game Room, where three mystical
psychics (sponsored by the director of student activities, Jim
Nauls) will tell you the secrets of your future. Don't miss this
exciting event . . . or else!
Costumes are optional.
What Does Green Mean? How the German Green Party Differs from the American
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 2000 12:15 p.m.
During the 1984 State Parliamentary election in
Baden-Wuritemburg, a leading newspaper called
Green Party candidate Rezo
Schlauch "a stroke of luck."
This judgment has been borne out by
Schlauch's subsequent political successes,
culminating in his 1998 election to the
German Bundestag. In the current federal
government headed by Gerhard Schroder,
the Green Party is (along with the Social
Democratic Party) part of the ruling coalition.
Undeniably, Schlauch deserves some of
Rezzo Schlauch studied law at the
Universities of Freiburg and Heidelburg,
then practiced in Stuttgart before joining
the Green Party in 1980. When serving in
the State Parliament, he worked on ecological
agriculture and the problems of rural regions.
His special talent was for brokering compromise between radical environmentalists and conservative farming
communities like the one in which he had grown up. As one
journalist wrote, Schlauch combined "a broadly left-wing
political consciousness with a strong attachment to his native
soil and awareness of tradition." By 1995
Schlauch was a national figure. During the
Bosnian war, the Green Party, which had long
been committed to nonviolence, was divided
over the question of whether Germany should
join the NATO-led intervention. Green
leader Joschka Fischer, now German Foreign
Minister, took a pro-intervention stand, and
the issue was decided when Schlauch agreed.
Today, after decades of grassroots activism
and dissent, the Greens are on their way
to becoming what Schlauch calls "a viable
governing party." It has not been a smooth
process, as he would be the first to attest.
But it is a fascinating story, full of valuable
lessons for anyone interested in the future
of European politics. Rezzo Schlauch's
Athenaeum talk is cosponsored by the
European Union Center of California. Lunch will be served
at 11:45 a.m. Mr. Schlauch will speak at 12:15 p.m.
The Truth Over Time: Looking Back on My Own Work
WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 2000
Amy Wilentz has devoted her distinguished career
in journalism to discovering the truth in places
fraught with restive political and social conditions
and secretive or propaganda-mongering regimes.
Best known for her coverage of Haiti, she authored The Rainy
Season: Hati since Duvalier (1989), an account of the long-embattled country since the
end of the dictatorship of Jean Claude ("Baby Doc") Duvalier;
and translated and edited In the Parish of the Poor (1990), the letters of
Haiti's first democratically elected leader, Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
In her talk, the third of five in the Gould Center's series,
"Freedom, Power, and Persuasion: New Directions in Political
Journalism in the 21st Century," Wilentz will discuss various
options posed by a reporter's assignment: "distance and proximity,
and which is preferable for knowing truth. . . . trusted sources
(how do you judge whether your source is honest, and does it
matter?); [and] chronology vs. causality. . . . Mostly I will focus
on understanding personality. Was Aristide who I thought he
was, or someone else entirely? How responsible was I in forming
others' opinions of him? Was The Rainy Season a valuable
document for those trying to understand Haiti, and should
one continually revise, update and rethink one's work on a
place, or is it better to 'move on'"?
A former staff-writer for Time magazine, Wilentz has contributed articles to the Los Angeles Times, Grand Street, The New
Republic, The San Francisco Examiner, and The New York Times.
Recently she served as Middle East correspondent for The New
Yorker, and is currently a contributing editor at The Nation.
Wilentz's close, insightful coverage and forceful writing have
earned her the PEN Martha Albrand Non-Fiction Award and
the Whiting Writers Award. She has also recently completed a
soon-to-be-published novel about Jerusalem, Martyrs Crossing (2001).
Physician-Assisted Death: Progress or Peril?
THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 2000
Approximately two-thirds of all deaths in the
United States involve a doctor's participation.
These decisions, impact not only the patient, but
also family, friends, and the physicians who are
providing care. At the end of one's life, the choice may be to
either continue aggressive medical therapy, which may not
work and cause further pain, or to choose a hospice-oriented
approach, which emphasizes quality over quantity of life.
Dr. Timothy Quill knows first hand the complex problems
that many doctors are forced to face. In 1991 Quill put his
career in danger when he wrote in The New England Journal
of Medicine that he had assisted a terminally ill patient in suicide
at her request, by subscribing pills and advising her on how to
take a lethal dose. Moreover, he was the lead physician plaintiff
in the New York State legal case challenging the law prohibiting
physician-assisted death that was heard in 1997 by the U.S.
Supreme Court (Quill v. Vacco). Although the Justices denied
a sweeping right to assisted suicide, they left the door open
for more modest claims.
Quill is a professor of Medicine and Psychiatry at the
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry,
a primary care internist and the Associate Chief of Medicine
at the Genesee Hospital in Rochester, New York. Dr. Quill is
a Fellow of the American College of Physicians and a member
of the Academy on Physician and Patient.
Quill has published and lectured widely about various aspects
of the doctor-patient relationship with a special focus on end-of-
life decision-making. He is the author of A Midwife Through the
Dying Process: Stories of Healing and Hard Choices at the End of
Life (1996)and Death and Dignity: Making Choices and Taking Charge (1993).
He has served as a peer reviewer for The New England Journal
of Medicine and published numerous journal articles.
Dr. Quill's appearance at the Athenaeum is cosponsored by
the Claremont Coalition, a grassroots community effort designed
to raise awareness of the issues integral to end of life.
Reservations for the
Eighteenth Annual Madrigal Feast
continue on a first-come, first-served basis.
Join us for fun, food, music, and merriment!
Please remember that payment must be
included with your reservation.