November 8, 93

Vol. 09 , No. 04   

Action as Philosophy: The Void in Italian Fascism

Benito Mussolini's brand of Fascism seems to have lacked the kind of folkloric myth and ethnocentric hubris that provided the seed and sustenance for the Nazism of Adolf Hitler and those under his sway. What, then, was Italian Fascism's ideological provenance? Revolutionary syndicalism? A myopic or willfully distorted view of Italian intellectual tradition? The burgeoning Nationalism of prewar Italy? A combination of these factors?

To help unearth the ideological roots of the Mussolini regime, H. Stuart Hughes will deliver the fourth in this fall's series of lectures on European Fascism. Before taking up his current residency at the University of California at San Diego, Dr. Hughes enjoyed a long and distinguished teaching career at Harvard, where from 1969 to 1975 he held the Gurney Chair of History and Political Science. One of the nation's preeminent historians of ideas, he has authored, among other books, The United States and Italy (1953), Consciousness and Society (1958), Contemporary Europe: A History (1961), and Prisoners of Hope: The Silver Age of the Italian Jews, 1924-1974 (1983). He has twice been decorated by the Italian government, first for his service in the Mediterranean theater during World War II, and later for his work in Italian historical studies. His activities outside university life have included an independent candidacy for the United States Senate and the chairmanship of SANE: A Citizen's Organization for a Sane World.

All are welcome to join us for what we're sure will be a most authoritative and enlightening discussion of the origins of Italian Fascism. Professor Hughes's lecture comes via sponsorship of the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies.

Gender and the Definition of Economics

"A provocative wake-up call for those oblivious to the narrowness of much of conventional economics and a reasoned plea for an inclusive discipline-in method and content, as well as practitioners."

-Robert Eisner, Northwestern University

This is just one of the many favorable reviews that Beyond Economic Man: Feminist Theory and Economics (1993) has received. As the first book to examine the central tenets of economics from a feminist point of view, this collection of essays has received much attention and praise. The Athenaeum is proud to welcome Professor Julie Nelson, coeditor of Beyond Economic Man: Feminist Theory and Economics (1993), to Claremont McKenna College.

Professor Julie A. Nelson received her doctorate in economics from the University of Wisconsin. Since then she has worked for the Hunger Action Coalition in Minnesota developing educational programs, the World Bank as a research assistant in their Development Research Department, and the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics in Washington, DC, as a research economist. Professor Nelson is an assistant professor at the University of California, Davis.

Professor Nelson has written articles for publications such as Quarterly Journal of Business and Economics, Economics and Philosophy, Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, and the Journal of Labor Economics. She is also a board member of the International Association for Feminist Economics and serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Economic Methodology.

Bioethics and the Common Good

Daniel Callahan is the cofounder and director of the Hastings Center, Briarcliff Manor, New York, a research and educational organization founded in 1969 to examine ethical issues of medicine, biology, and the professions. A medical philosopher, Dr. Callahan argues that longer is not always better.

For 18 years, as director of the Hastings Center, he has grappled with the problems arising from biomedical advances. Dr. Callahan believes that Medicare payments should be restricted for procedures such as organ transplants, heart bypasses and kidney dialysis for the aged. He also believes that States should give legal status to "living wills," allowing individuals to demand that they not be kept alive artificially. Dr. Callahan firmly opposes euthanasia.

Dr. Callahan stated in the November 2, 1987 issue of Time magazine, "[Americans] should be creatively and honorably accepting aging and death, not struggling to overcome them." Dr. Callahan states that his beliefs are based on a concern about intergenerational equity: "...there are better ways to spend money than indefinitely extending life." If Dr. Callahan had his way, he would increase medical resources devoted to defective newborns, the victims of AIDS, or any non-aged patient with slim chances of recovery.

Dr. Callahan received a Ph.D. in philosophy from Harvard University in 1965. His publications include What Kind of Life: The Limits of Medical Progress (1990) and Setting Limits: Medical Goals in an Aging Society (1988).

Veteran's Day Commemoration

Each Veteran's Day should be a day of reflection in order to remember and honor those brave men and women who have given their lives serving this nation. In commemoration of Veteran's Day, the Military Science Department of The Claremont Colleges and the Athenaeum have invited Major General Robert S. Frix to speak about his service in the United States Army.

Major General Frix is a graduate of Texas A&M as well as the United States Military Academy at West Point. He has received numerous decorations for his leadership and courage, including the Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, Air Medals, and the Army Commendation Medal.

Major General Frix has served in several overseas assignments, including two Vietnam tours, two tours in Germany, and one tour in Saudi Arabia/Kuwait. During Desert Shield/Storm, Major General Frix served as the Chief of Staff/Deputy Commanding General of the United States Army Forces Central Command. Moreover, he also commanded the Third Army Forward Command Post during the Gulf War and Task Force Freedom during the Kuwait restoration.

This Veteran's Day join us at the Athenaeum to honor the men and women of our armed forces.

All-Night Reading


Good writing isn't necessarily good reading, or so the saying goes. But great writing is even greater reading. Moby-Dick is a symphony of voices in conflict about the meaning of the world and some of the greatest lyric prose in the English language.

And this deserves celebration! On Friday, November 12, students and faculty are once again invited to participate in a continuous reading of Herman Melville's masterpiece. Beginning at 3:00 p.m. on Friday, we'll all take turns reading a page or two of Moby-Dick until reaching its wild end (at about the same time Saturday).

The event will take place in the Freeberg Lounge of the Athenaeum. Dinner and brunch will be available to the first thirty-five participants who sign up. Professor Faggen, who will lead the reading, is handling sign-ups for the meals, so please call him at ext. 3141 if you are interested. If you don't have a copy of Moby-Dick, extras will be on hand.

Everyone is invited on this wild voyage! See you there.

The Future of California's Economy

Stephen Albright, chief executive officer of The Inland Empire Economic Partnership, will address the issue of California's economic future in the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum. His lecture is sponsored by the John Brown Cook Association.

Appointed by Governors George Deukmejian and Pete Wilson to the board of the South Coast Air Quality Management District, Mr. Albright brings to this discussion over 19 years of professional experience in the fields of economic development, urban planning, and environmental management.

Graduating in 1973 from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, with a degree in city and regional planning, Mr. Albright has worked as a regional planner in Virginia and Colorado, including tenure on the Colorado Air Quality Control Commission.

Since returning to California in 1985, Mr. Albright has maintained an active role in all phases of local government, including the Riverside City Development Committee.

To make reservations for this dinner and lecture, which will take place in the Parents Dining Room, please contact Professor Alfred Balitzer at ext. 1572.

Pianist in Recital

0slo, Mexico City, Tokyo, Paris, New York City, Claremont-pianist Jeffrey Biegel has received great praise for his artistry and elegant musicianship everywhere he has performed. The late Leonard Bernstein called Jeffrey Biegel, "a splendid musician and a brilliant performer." Invited back by popular demand, Jeffrey Biegel thrilled his Claremont audience in his recital at the Athenaeum last October.

Mr. Biegel has performed at New York's Mostly Mozart Festival, the Aspen Music Festival, Norway's Bergen International Music Festival, and France's Internationale Festivale de Colmar. Moreover, he has toured France and Spain, Norway, and the Soviet Union. In the fall of 1992, Jeffrey Biegel made his Carnegie Hall debut, performing Liszt's Concerto No. I in E-Flat as part of the 25th Anniversary celebration of the Usdan Center for the Creative and Performing Arts.

The 1989 winner of the Marguerite Long International Piano Competition, Mr. Biegel is sure to dazzle us with his brilliant mastery of the piano.

The piano recital will include works by Bach, Beethoven, Liszt, Rubinstein, and Balakirev.

Origins and Development of Fascism in Germany

Few nations have worn the scourge of their past more markedly, more indelibly, than postwar Germany. In a country that has always taken enormous pride in the legacy that its artists, writers, thinkers, and composers have left to the world, the memory of Hitler's Reich remains especially painful. Thus, it is all the more difficult to understand how National Socialism and all its attendant evils could have risen from the same soil that had produced the likes of Durer, Schiller, Schopenhauer, and Bach.

To explain the evolution of Nazism and to assess the continuing impact that this lamentable episode in German (and world) history has had upon Anglo-German relations, Dr. Anthony Glees will deliver the fifth in the Gould Center for Humanistic Studies' series of lectures on European Fascism. Professor Glees, one of the world's foremost authorities on modern and contemporary German political history, has long been involved, both within and outside the academy, in the study of how German Fascism has affected the making of British policy towards Germany. Besides serving as director of European Studies at Brunel University (United Kingdom), Dr. Glees is a regular consultant and contributor to the Observer, the Times, the Daily Mail, the BBC's German Service, and the Deutschlandfunk. He has written an official British government document on the punishment of war criminals, reported on the role of British Intelligence in foreign policy and domestic security, and authored numerous articles, reviews, and books, including. Exile Politics During the Second World War: The German Social Democrats in Britain (1992) and The Secrets of the Service: British Intelligence and Communist Subversion, 1939-51 (1987).

Hate on Trial: The Case Against America's Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi

Morris Dees is a man who has challenged racism. During the Civil Rights movement, Mr. Dees became active representing minorities in court. In 1967, he filed suit to stop construction of a white university in an Alabama city that already had a predominately black state college. In 1968, he filed suit to integrate the all-white Montgomery YMCA. In 1971, he cofounded, along with Julian Bond and Joseph J. Levin Jr., the Southern Poverty Law Center.

The Southern Poverty Law Center is dedicated to protecting the civil rights of America's citizens. In 1980, the Center founded the Klanwatch program in response to the rise in organized racist activity. The Klanwatch program monitors hate crimes and develops legal strategies for protecting citizens from violent groups. Mr. Dees's legal accomplishments include a $7 million precedent-setting judgment against the United Klans of America on behalf of the mother of Michael Donald, a young black man lynched by the Ku Klux Man in Mobile, Alabama.

Presently, Mr. Dees is chief trial counsel and chair of the executive committee for the Southern Poverty Law Center. He is devoting his time to suing violent white supremacist groups and developing ideas for Teaching Tolerance, the Center's new education project. "Tools For Change," a series of five new video-and-text teaching kits will be produced by the Center over the next five years.

Mr. Dees is a graduate of the University of Alabama School of Law. He is the 1990 recipient of the National Education Association's Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Award. His publications include Hate on Trial: The Case Against America Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi (1993) and A Season For Justice, The Life and Times of Civil Rights Lawyer Morris Dees (1992). Come and hear the powerful story of a man devoted to civil rights.

One to One
RAY DRUMMOND '68, bass
BILL MAYS, piano

Ray Drummond '68 is again bringing his talent and melodic bass to the Athenaeum for the fourth program in the series titled "Jazz, An American Treasure." Coming to the Athenaeum with Ray Drummond is renowned jazz pianist Bill Mays. This is the duo's second appearance at the Athenaeum, the last time being December 1990.

Ray Drummond is a man who has tapped into the deep spiritual power of the bass. He not only plays the bass, he lives through it as he plays. Mr. Drummond has performed with numerous notables including Wynton Marsalis, Betty Carter, Woody Shaw, and Art Farmer. He has recorded several albums himself including a recent title, One To One (1990), with Bill Mays, which has been described as a "vital and equal conversation between two communicative and expressive artists." He has also recorded with Bobby Hutcherson, Branford Marsalis, Pharaoh Sanders, David Murray, and Freddie Hubbard.

Bill Mays has performed on the soundtracks of several motion pictures including Superman (1978), Rocky (1976), Annie (1982), and Jaws (1975). He has been accompanist to such singers as Sarah Vaughn, Frank Sinatra, Mel Torme, and Al Jarreau.

Ray Drummond and Bill Mays both have roots deeply embedded in classical jazz and are both in demand as first-call musicians in New York. Don't miss this rare West Coast performance by these two wonderful musicians.