January 15, 90

Vol. 05 , No. 05   

Russia and Eastern Europe in Turmoil: The Future of Western Policies

The Athenaeum joins the Keck Center and the Gould Center in continuing the timely series, "The Soviet Union Today and Tomorrow: A Time for New Thinking."

An expert on strategic studies and international diplomacy, Robert O'Neill discusses the fast-paced changes in Eastern Europe and responses by Western nations. His talk, titled "Russia and Eastern Europe in Turmoil: The Future of Western Policies," kicks off the second semester's part of this series on the Soviet Union.

Born in Australia in 1936, O'Neill was educated at the Royal Military College of Australia and the University of Melbourne, graduating in engineering. As a Rhodes scholar at Brasenose College, Oxford, O'Neill read philosophy, politics, and economics. Currently a professor of the history of war at Oxford, O'Neill fought in Vietnam as an infantry captain for the Australian Regular Army and served as director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies from 1982 to 1987. In that role he focused on analysis of security problems in developing regions.

In addition to a busy lecture schedule. Dr. O'Neill has edited numerous books on the subject of East- West relations, including The Strategic Nuclear Balance: An Australian Perspective (1974), The Conduct of East-West Relations in the 1980's (1985), and Doctrine, Alliance, and Arms Control (1987). Dr. O'Neill was also commissioned by the Australian government to write a full history of Australia's participation in the Korean War.

Sign-ups are due by Monday, January 15, if you wish to attend the reception and dinner before the 7:00 address.

Flight of the Space Shuttle Atlantis

The Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum and the CMC Aerospace Psychology Laboratory are pleased to announce the arrival of Franklin Chang-Diaz, flight engineer aboard the space shuttle Atlantis, launched on October 18, 1989. The mission launched the Galileo satellite to Jupiter for a scheduled arrival in December 1995. This was Franklin's second shuttle flight-he previously flew on the last successful flight prior to the Challenger accident.

Born in San Jose, Costa Rica, Chang-Diaz was educated at the University of Connecticut and received a doctorate in applied plasma physics from MIT. Chang-Diaz was selected in 1980 by NASA and became an astronaut in 1981. From October 1984 to August 1985, he led the astronaut support team at the Kennedy Space Center. In 1979 he developed a novel concept to guide and target fuel pellets in an inertial fusion reactor chamber. Apart from his interests in space and science, Chang-Diaz was a house manager in an experimental community residence for de-institutionalizing chronic mental patients. He also served as an instructor/adviser with a rehabilitation program for Hispanic drug abusers in Massachusetts.

Please sign up by January 15, if you wish to attend the reception and dinner before Chang-Diaz's 7:00 address.


Faculty bring a student, students bring a faculty member, and join us at Open Forum lunch. As many as five students may bring a faculty member; there must be a faculty member at each of the eight tables. The best lunches are Open Forum lunches at the Athenaeum. Join the good company and share good food. No sign-ups necessary; but you may sign up at the Athenaeum Wednesday morning, if you have a faculty member or vice versa.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Birthday Remembrance

The Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum is proud to present James Farmer as the Martin Luther King, Jr. birthday speaker. Founding director of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Farmer is the only surviving member of the "Big Four" civil rights leaders of the 1960s. He was a participant and organizer of many freedom rides, one of which resulted in a 40-day incarceration. A firm believer in Gandhi's policy of nonviolence. Dr. Farmer has often been entangled in violence. He escaped a lynch mob and an assassin, and he survived a death warrant issued by the Ku Klux Klan. He personally investigated the 1964 murders of the three CORE volunteers in Mississippi; the story of those murders is the basis for Mississippi Burning (1988).

Dr. Farmer's devotion to the civil rights movement is unending. Anytime Americans thought that the nation had solved its race problem in the 1950s or 1960s. Dr. Farmer says, "we woke up to the fact that we were suffering from an illusion . . . the problem remains." According to Dr. Farmer, the black movement now faces a lack of centralization. Illiteracy, joblessness, drug abuse, teen pregnancy, and inadequate housing are among the issues that Dr. Farmer believes need to be addressed. Affirmative action is one solution that Dr. Farmer believes can work.

Dr. Farmer is a professor of history at Mary Washington College in Virginia. His experiences in the civil rights movement are recorded in his autobiography, Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement (1985). He is currently working on a book about where the movement will go next.

The lecture begins at 7:00, following a 5:30 reception and 6:00 dinner. Please return the enclosed meal reservation, if you wish to attend.

The Chalice and the Blade: Models of Partnership Between Women and Men

Riane Eisler's multi-disciplinary book, The Chalice and the Blade: Our History, Our Future (1987), has been hailed as "the most important work since Darwin's Origin of Species (1859)." The book derives from a ten-year study of 25,000 years of history. After reviewing the religion, art, history, economics, anthropology, psychology, politics, and archeology of Western civilization, Ms. Eisler concludes that patriarchy and warfare are "a 5,000-year dominator detour" from the peace and harmony with nature of the previous 20,000 years.

The book also indicates that the war of the sexes has relatively recent origins. The premise for this argument is that men and women lived under more equitable social structures in the time before recorded history, when people worshipped a life-giving goddess of nature. In such cultures women were respected as mothers and priestesses, but did not oppress men.

The Chalice and the Blade is the basis for the Center of Partnership Studies, which Ms. Eisler and her husband, David Loye, founded last year. The center's goal is to prove that the peaceful co-existence of 5,000 years ago is an option for today. Ms. Eisler maintains that if we managed to create an idyllic world once, we can do it again. Satellite centers in Seattle, Chicago, Princeton, San Francisco, Hawaii, and Santa Fe attest to the growing impact of Ms. Eisler's philosophy, a philosophy that "validates a belief in humanity's capacity for benevolence and cooperation."

If you would like to join Ms. Eisler for a 5:30 reception and 6:00 dinner, please complete and return the attached coupon to the Athenaeum. The lecture begins at 7:00.

Get Out the Vote

This January a new event will be coming to CMC: "Democracy, Dining, and Dancing." The Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum will host its first voter registration party, co-sponsored by CIPAS (California Israel Political Alliance of Students). The event will begin with voter registration at 5:30, followed by a special, patriotic dinner at 6:00. After dinner Murry Wood, director of the Southern Pacific region of the lobby group AIPAC (American Israel Public Affairs Committee) will speak on the upcoming 1990 races and how to become more involved. Following the talk, this year's Monte Carlo Night jazz band is back by popular demand for an exciting evening of dancing. During the dance a punch and dessert bar will be available. If you would like to join the Athenaeum for this very special evening, please return the attached coupon. There will be a $5.00 charge per person to cover the price of the band; your money should accompany the reservation.

The Naked Truth: Advertising's Image of Women

The ad shows a casually dressed man, one hand in his pocket, the other holding onto the leg of a scantily clad woman lying on her back at his feet. The caption reads: "Cotler's Pants-For the Right Stance."

It is only one of many slides to be shown by Jean Kilbourne, an expert on sexism in advertising, during her Athenaeum visit. Dr. Kilbourne, a visiting scholar at Wellesley College, discusses how advertisements are often a powerful form of cultural conditioning. Specifically, she will address the stereotypes of the demented housewife, the fierce and unfeeling man, the playboy, the superwoman, the seductive little girl, and the male sex object. Dr. Kilbourne's presentations have delighted audiences at colleges, community groups, and businesses nationwide.

Dr. Kilbourne comes to the Athenaeum with a message: "Advertising does serve to sell products, but advertising also serves to sell values. It offers products as a solution to life's problems. It tells us that happiness can be bought."

Return the enclosed reservation form, if you wish to attend the dinner and reception before the 7:00 address.

The Twilight of the Enlightenment?

A major conference, "The Ambiguous Legacy of the Enlightenment," will be held January 25-27 on the campuses of Claremont McKenna College and Claremont Graduate School. Co-sponsored by the Henry Salvatori Center for the Study of Freedom in the Modern World and the Claremont Institute for the Study of Statesmanship and Political Philosophy, the conference addresses the roots of the Enlightenment, and its philosophical, theological, and political significance.

A keynote dinner will be held on Thursday, January 25, at 6:00 p.m. in the Marian Miner Cook Athenaeum, preceded by a 5:30 p.m. reception. The speaker will be William A. Rusher. A leading figure in the American conservative movement for more than 30 years, as a syndicated columnist, television commentator, and publisher of National Review, Mr. Rusher recently became a Claremont Institute senior fellow. He speaks on "The Twilight of the Enlightenment?"

Six panels will follow, on Friday in Albrecht Auditorium (CGS), and on Saturday in Davidson Lecture Hall (CMC). Participants include Richard John Neuhaus (Institute on Religion and Public Life), Ernest van den Haag (Fordham University), John Gray (Oxford University), Jerry Weinberger (Michigan State University), Thomas Pangle (University of Toronto), Eva Brann (St. John's College-Annapolis), Ralph Lemer (University of Chicago), Ernest Fortin (Boston College), Ellis Sandoz (Louisiana State University), and Gerhard Niemeyer (Notre Dame University).

Please fill out the enclosed reservation form, if you wish to attend the reception and dinner preceding Mr. Rusher's address.

For further information, contact the Henry Salvatori Center (621-8201).


We welcome in the new year with another wonderfully delicious Sunday brunch. Please remember only CMC persons may sign up for this popular event. The extravaganza begins at 11:00 a.m. Return your reservation early, so that you can enjoy this buffet feast.

Political Pluralism: Perestroika's Next Phase

Dr. S. Frederick Starr, president of Oberlin College, jazz musician, and author of Red and Hot: The Fate of Jazz in the Soviet Union, 1917-1980 (1983), is also one of America's leading Sovietologists. He recently appeared before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to comment upon political reform in the Soviet Union and the crisis it is causing.

Dr. Starr stresses that Soviet society has changed. Soviet education has expanded; vast amounts of information have become available to the Soviet public, and fear within the Soviet Union has decreased. Large parts of Soviet society have moved ahead of Mr. Gorbachev's program, and he has tried to accommodate their needs. "This society is ripe for a change," Mikhail Gorbachev wrote in 1987, adding that any delay in launching perestroika-the "restructuring" of the failing Soviet system, notably its economy-could lead to "serious social, economic, and political crises."

Frederick Starr believes that the present situation in the Soviet Union is perilous, but he cannot imagine the full suppression of the vigorous new public opinion that has developed in that country.

Join us for an up-to-date and enlightening evening. Please fill out the enclosed form, if you wish to attend the reception and dinner prior to Dr. Starr's 7:00 address.

Turtles and Peacocks: Self-Handicapping

University of Utah psychologist Fred Rhodewalt will discuss an extensive body of research about people's reactions to performance-related threats to self-esteem. Rhodewalt received his PhD in social psychology from Princeton University. His work focuses on the interaction of an individual's personality and the demands of social situations in determining behavior. His research on "self-handicapping" illustrates some of the ways that everyone, from professional athletes to college students, reacts to the desire for the success and the fear of failure. Please return the luncheon coupon, if you wish to join us at noon.

Current Israeli-U.S. Relations

The Athenaeum is pleased to welcome Ilan Mor, an Israeli government official, to discuss the current state of relations between the United States and its only ally in the Middle East. Mr. Mor is the consul for press and information at the Consulate General of Israel in Los Angeles and a native of Israel.

Born in Ramat Gan in 1955, Mr. Mor joined the foreign service in 1983 and was assigned two years later to the foreign office research desk for the United States and the U.S.S.R. In that capacity he became very knowledgeable about the United States, and was eventually transferred to Los Angeles, after a short stint as second secretary at the Israeli embassy in Liberia, West Africa.

Like all Israeli citizens, Mr. Mor has served in the armed forces of his country, first in the Golani Infantry Brigade and later as an officer in the Israel Air Force in charge of reserve manpower. He is a graduate of Tel Aviv University in political science and labor relations.

Please return the coupon, if you wish to attend the 5:30 reception and 6:00 dinner; Mr. Mor will speak at 7:00.

Business and Higher Education as Partners in Empowering the New Majority as Leaders

In conjunction with the Office of Black Student Affairs, the Athenaeum is pleased to host the keynote speaker of Black History Month: A. Barry Rand. Mr. Rand is a group vice president of Xerox Corporation an president of the company's U.S. marketing group, managing a division of 34,000 employees.

Rand attended Stanford University on a Stanford- Sloan fellowship, earning a master's degree in busines administration in 1972 and a master's in management sciences in 1973. He joined Xerox in 1968 as an area sale representative. He was elected a corporate officer in May 1986 and appointed to his present position in December 1986.

Mr. Rand calls his success, as one of a new generation of blacks seeking opportunity in corporate America, the most personally rewarding experience of his career.

There will be a 5:30 reception and 6:00 dinner in the Athenaeum. At 6:45 a group of black alumnae will be honored for their services to the colleges. Mr. Rand's address begins at 7:30 in McKenna Auditorium. If you would like to join us for an exciting evening, please return the attached coupon to the Athenaeum.

Fellows' Report

Ann Ela, current Athenaeum fellow and Schwartzennegger-like slave driver, has driven co-fellow Robert Goff to sanctuary in the far reaches of an Atlantic island-England. The Athenaeum Advisory Committee, concerned by this upheaval in power, has staged a counterrevolutionary coup and has hired Mike Shear and Kimberly Lutz to minimize Ann's dictatorial command of the Athenaeum, The committee sincerely hopes the newly organized triumvirate can maintain stability throughout the coming semester.

But seriously, folks, we are getting all geared up for a great semester. In addition to some exciting speakers, the Athenaeum will be hosting several social events, including "Evening in Vienna," a get-out-the-vote dance, a CMC student art show, Celebration of the Arts, and a student production of You Can't Take It with You" (1936).

If you have any questions or ideas, please feel free to contact us through the Athenaeum office. Don't forget to let one of us know if you would like to sit at the head table. We look forward to seeing you next semester.